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"Hobos, Tramps, Migratory Workers, Trainriding, Wobblies"

This section is a comprehensive listing of books, magazine and newpaper articles, and other reports on historical and modern day train riding culture. Included here are various listings related to the "Wobblies" (members of the Industrial Workers of the World, or I.W.W) due to their close historical association with train riding.

Click on the alphabetical sections (by author's name) below or use the search box to find listings from the author's name, the title, or a keyword used in the text.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Aaron, Chester. 1986. Lackawanna, New York: Lippincott.

A novel, aimed at the Jr. High level, of a gang of abandoned children living in NYC during the depression. They take to the rails when one of their younger members is kidnapped by a "jocker". Lots of rail riding as they travel from NYC to Chicago and back.

Adams, Charles E. 1902. "The Real Hobo: What He Is and How He Lives", Forum, June, pp. 438-49.

Adrian, Lynne Marie. 1984. Organizing the Rootless: American Hobo Subculture, 1893-1932, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa [see Fow 1989]. Advisory Committee of the Municipal Lodging House. 1915. "The Men We Lodge: A Report to the Commissioner of Public Charities", New York: New York Advisory Social Service Committee.

Alexander, Edwin P. 1970. "All About the Entity of the Ego Is Taught at the Hobo University", Literary Digest, July 12, 1919, p. 52.

Algren, Nelson. 1935. Somebody in Boots.

A depression era novel with lots of rail riding.

Allsop, Kenneth. 1967. Hard Travellin': The Hobo and His History, New York: New American Library, 448 pages. Includes eight leaves of plates, illustrations, portraits, bibliography.

--- 1993. Hard Travellin': The Story of the Migrant Worker, Pimlico (London).

Anderson, Nels. 1975. The American Hobo, Leiden, Netherlands: E.J. Brill.

--- 1923. The Hobo: The Sociology of the Homeless Man, reprinted 1967, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 296 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

A study prepared for the Chicago Council of Social Agencies under the direction of the Committee on Homeless Men, published 1923.

--- 1940. Men on the Move, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Sociological Series. Reprinted 1974, New York: Da Capo Press, 357 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

Anderson stated in the introduction that one of the failures of The Hobo [see Anderson 1923] was the overlooking of the labor implications. This work is the rectification of that oversight. It focuses on the life of the migrant worker the migrant family, the current problems of migrancy, the plans and programs that attempted to deal with such issues, and the effects of technology and industrialization. Sixty tables containing statistical information are presented throughout the book. Many photographs, predominantly from the Farm Security Administration, are included.

--- 1940. "Highlights of the Migration Problem Today", Proceedings of the National Conference of Social Work, 67, pp. 109-17.

--- 1931. The Milk and Honey Route: A Handbook for Hoboes, New York: Vanguard Press.

--- 1923. "The Juvenile and the Tramp", Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, August 1, pp. 290-312.

Anderson, Oscar. 2001. Hobo's Ode, Morris Publishing, Kearney, NE, 62 pp.

Anderson, Paul. 1925. "Tramping with Yeggs", Atlantic Monthly, December, pp. 747-55.

Andress, Floyd. 1913. My Monks of Vagabondia

Armitage, Susan and Elizabeth Jameson. 1987. The Women's West, Norman, OK and London: The University of Oklahoma Press, 323 pages. Includes illustrations, index and bibliographies.

Ashleigh, Charles. 1930. "The Rambling Kid" Faber, London. Republished in 2004 by Charles H. Kerr, Chicago.

This semi-biographical novel provides a first hand account of life with the Wobblies in the 1910s. Ashleigh was deported from the US in 1919. The novel was published in England and only recently became more available in the US.

--- 1914. "The Floater", International Socialist Review, July 15, pp. 34-38.

Aynesworth, Hugh. 1989. "Old Hobos Gather Around the Fire as Whistle Blows for a Dying Breed", Washington Times, August 14, A/1.

An account of the many hoboes who traveled from all over the country to honor their departed buddies at the Hobo Cemetery and reminisce about the so-called dying tradition of the hobo at the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa.

Bahr, Howard M. 1973. Skid Row: An Introduction to Disaffiliation, New York and London: Oxford University Press. Includes notes, name and subject indexes.

Based upon the materials collected during Bahr's eight-year program of research conducted at the Bureau of Applied Social Research. The social organization, history, types and characteristics of homeless men and women, public attitudes about homeless men and means of control and rehabilitation are presented.

--- 1970. Disaffiliated Man, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Essays and bibliography on skid row, vagrancy, and outsiders, 428 pages with an annotated bibliography.

--- 1968. Homelessness and Disaffiliation, New York: Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University, under the direction of Theodore Caplow, 437 leaves.

Bailey, William. 1973. Bill Bailey Came Home: As a Farm Boy, as a Stow-away at the age of Nine, a Trapper at the Age of Fifteen, and a Hobo at the Age of Sixteen, Logan: Utah State University Press, 183 pages.

Although most of the story related involves growing up on a farm, first in Colorado and then moving at the age of 10 to another farm in the Snake River Basin of southern Idaho, the last part of the book describes the year he spent hoboing in the western US at the age of 16. His early experiences working on a farm stood him in good stead finding work whenever he stopped his rambling and he returned to the family farm with more money than he had left with. The hoboing portion of the book contains some good specific information on the world of the hobo ca. 1910.

Barth, Charles P. 1969. Hobo Trail to Nowhere, Philadelphia: Whitmore Publishing Co., 150 pages.

Batchelor, Bronson. 1915. "The Hotel de Gink", Independent, January 25, pp. 127-28.

A report on "The Hotel de Dink", established by Jeff Davis and other hoboes on the corner of Center and Worth Streets in New York City. Davis' words make up the majority of this article.

Baxter, Ellen. 1981. Private Lives/Public Spaces : Homeless Adults on the Streets of New York City, New York: Community Service Society of New York, Institute for Social Welfare Research.

Beck, Frank. 1956. Hobohemia, West Rindge, NH: Richard R. Smith, 95 pages. Republished in 2000 by Charles Kerr Publishing Co., Chicago. Includes additional editing and introduction by Franklin Rosemont.

Beck tells of his personal experiences with the people, places and organizations of Chicago's hobohemia. These include Lennie the Limp, a mission stiff; Mr. Porter (rich man turned beggar man-thief due to dope addiction); Emma Goldman the queen of anarchy; Ben Reitman (hobo, whorehouse physician, lecturer, anarchist); Harry Batters, the legendary I.O.Utopian; a college bred soapboxer named Martha; Lucy Parsons, the anarchic literature zealot and widow of convicted Haymarket Riot martyr, Albert W. Parsons; Nina Van Zandt, the society debutante-anarchist; the former Noble Prize winner Jane Adams (1860-1935); Bug House Square; Madison Street; the Chicago Hobo College; and the Dill Pickle Club.

Beedon, David. 1973. Basic Training: A Pseudo Sophisticated Guide to the Proper Technique of Traveling by Freight Train in the USA Based Mainly on the Experiences of One Person Who Has Hopped Many Freights and Digs It, unpublished manuscript, 33 pages.

Bennet, Robert. 1985. Bindle Stiff: Autobiography of a Super Hobo [I am unclear regarding the publisher; there is an address Box 2529, Orillia, Ont. L3V 6K5, Canada]

This was a pleasant surprise, as it started a bit slowly, but once I got into the narrative it was hard to put down. The author evidently ended up as mayor of a small town in Canada (where he was from) and began the story describing the mayor being accosted by one of his former hobo brethren, but soon describing in detail the four years he spent hoboing and on the bum, mostly on the west coast, with descriptions of other hobos, the jungles, the skid row areas of various cities, and his brushes with the underworld and the law. One thing that I found of particular interest was his description of a secret society of older hobos, mostly WWI vets, called the Secret Society of Hobo Brethern, although I had not heard of such a fraternity before. There is a lot of detail here for the historian, but it is worth reading just for the story. It is similar to memoirs by Will Thomas, Ramblin' Rudy, Fishbones, Elmer Fox, and Monty Holm. The prose is not highly polished, but the content more than makes up for it. 306 pp.

Benson, Benjamin. 1942. Hoboes of America: Sensational Life Story and Epic of Life on the Road.

--- 1942. 500,000 Miles Without a Dollar, New York. A version of this appeared as "How To Go To California Without a Dollar" in the February 1937 issue of Hobo News [see Hobo News].

Berry, Charles A. 1978. Gentleman of the Road, London

Best, Earnest. Sharecropper's Son (Down in Arkansas). Arkansas: Heritage Press, 1988.

Black, Jack. 1926. You Can't Win, New York: Macmillan. Reprinted 1992, Kukukuihaele, HI: Omniun, 346 pages. Reprinted 1988 by Amok Press, New York and then in 2000 by AK Press/Nabat, San Francisco.

A legendary book, bestseller in 1926, and then forgotten for many years. A journey into the hobo underworld, freight hopping around the still Wild West, becoming a highwayman and member of the yegg (criminal) brotherhood, getting hooked on opium, doing stints in jail, or escaping, often with the assistance of crooked cops or judges. Our lost history revived. AK Press/Nabat edition includes a new afterword by Bruno Ruhland, who tells what became of Jack after the book was published, and an essay by Jack Black called "What's Wrong with the Right People", originally published in Harper's. With an introduction by William Burroughs who has described it as his favorite book.

Blatchly, Charles. 1910. "State Farm for Tramps and Vagrants", Survey, April 9, pp. 87-89.

Blau, Rapheal. 1955. "Magnificent Hobo", Holiday, December, pp. 178-85.

Blum, Peter. The Life of a Tramp and a Trip through Hell. Florida: Warnock, 1894.

Blurr, Buz. 1999. hoohoohobos fortuitous logos, Modern Realism, P.O. Box 410837, San Francisco, CA  94141, $15 ppd.

Boehnlein, James. We Turned Hobo: A Depression Tale Recovered. Columbus: The F.J. Heer Printing Co., 1937.

Bohr, Harry J. 1998. Teenage Hobos ISBN: 0-932970-87-7, 211p.

A self-published memoir of the author's travels by freight train during the Great Depression.

Bonosky, Philip. "A Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt", Mainstream (Jan 1963) 3-22.

Brackett, Jeffrey. 1936. The Transportation Problem in American Social Work, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Bragg, Roy. 1993. "Lars & Lizbeth", Houston Chronicle, November 21, TM/8.

Bragg discussed author Lars Eighner's book "Travels With Lizbeth", an autobiographical saga of a modern-day hobo (hitchhiking, walking), Lars, and his dog, Lizbeth.

Brewer, W. H. 1878. "What Shall We Do With Tramps?" New Englander, p. 521.

Brissendon, Paul F. 1919. The I.W.W.: A Study of American Syndicalism, New York: Russell and Russell, 438 pages.

--- and Emil Frankel. 1920. "The Mobility of Industrial Labor", Political Science Quarterly, December, pp. 566-94.

Broderick, Richard. 1994. "The Hobo Camp", Prairie Schooner, (Fall), p. 135.

A short poem about a hobo camp.

Brodie, Mike. 2013. A Period of Juvenile Prosperity, Twin Palms Publishing, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

A book of striking color photographs of young trainriders. The release of the book in early 2013 resulted in an unprecedented amount of media attention for a trainriding oriented publication.

Brooks, Oscar Dexter "Legs". An Authentic Story of Life on the Road

Brown, Dee. 1977. Hear That Lonesome Whistle Blow Holt, New York.

History of the building of the transcontinental railroads, starting in 1854 and proceeding in detail until the 1890s, then hurriedly summarizes until the 1970s. And Brown shows, repeatedly and at length, how the railroad builders screwed and continue to screw the American public and workers time and time again.

Brown, Edwin A. 1913. "Broke": The Man Without The Dime, Chicago: Browne & Howell Company

Bruere, Robert. 1918. "The Industrial Workers of the World", Harper's Monthly Magazine, July, pp. 250-57.

Bruns, Kenneth. "Hobo - For America Knights of the Road, The Good old days are Gone forever", American History Illustrated 16, no.9 (1982).

Bruns, Roger. 1987. The Damndest Radical : The Life and World of Ben Reitman, Chicago's Celebrated Social Reformer, Hobo King, and Whorehouse Physician, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 332 pages. Includes 18 pages of plates, illustrations, index, and bibliography.

Compare with Reitman 1937.

--- 1980. Knights of the Road: A Hobo History, New York: Methuen, 214 pages. Includes illustrations, hobo dictionary and selected bibliography.

A comprehensive historical examination of the American hobo phenomenon with focus on hoboes and subtypes (e.g., jockers, moochers, thieves) of the Great Depression era. Topics also include Chicago, the work of Dr. Ben L Reitman, Nels Anderson, the I.W.W., life on the road. Convincing argument on why hoboes are not bums is provided in chapter five.

Buck, Solon. 1913. The Granger Movement: A Study of Agricultural Organization and it's Political, Economic, and Social Manifestations 1870-1880, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Reprinted, 1963, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 384 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

--- 1914. Travel and Description, 1765-1865, Together with a List of County Histories, Atlases, and Biographical Collections and a List of Territorial and State Laws, Springfield, IL: The Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, Collection of the Illinois State Historical Library Series, vol. IX., Bibliographical series, vol. II., 514 pages. Includes portraits, and facsimiles.

Bull, William. 1886. Trampery: Its Causes, Present Aspects, and Some Suggested Remedies, Boston: G.H. Ellis.

Bunce, Frank. 1933. "I've Got To Take a Chance", Forum, February, pp. 108-12.

Burkhardt, Jesse D.C. 1997. Rolling Dreams: Portraits of the Northwest's Railroad Heritage, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 88 pages.

--- 2001. Freight Weather: The Art of Stalking Trains, Rolling Dreams Press. White Salmon, WA., 120 pages.

Hightly recommended compilation of photography and writing about freight trains, including some riding stories.

--- 2007. Travelogue from an Unruly Youth, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 176 pages.

Thirty years after spending a summer riding freight trains around the country, Burkhardt goes back and writes up this travelogue of his experiences.

--- 2009. The Crowbar Hotel: by Freight Train Across Canada, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 208 pages.

I started riding freight trains in 1969, the summer I turned 16, and from there I couldn't turn the switch to "stop".

Burns, Stella E. 1997. The Lonesome Whistle's Call, Kingston Press, West Kingston, RI, 195 pp.

This is a true story told by the hobo's wife based on his accounts of his travels, and is written in the third person. The writing is adequate and there are a lot of details of the difficulties the young hobo had during his travels in the early 1930s, but it certainly isn't the most entertaining account of hoboing you can find. There are some rather poor illustrations as well. This book is probably available as a print on demand book.

Campbell, Bart. 2010. The Door Is Open, Anvil Press

Cannon, James Patrick. 1971. The I.W.W., New York: Merit Publishers.

Caplan, Sam. 1997. Train Tags, a University research paper, Dec. 14.

Carden, Mary. "The Hobo as National Hero: Models for American Manhood in "Steam Train" Maury Graham's Autobiography". A/b: Autobiography Studies, 93-108.

Carlin, Peter. 1979. "Social Outcasts: The Tramp in American Society 1873-1910", paper delivered at the annual meeting of the American Historical Association, New York, December 28.

Carnagey, Dale. 1914. "The World's Best Known Hobo", American Magazine, October, pp. 58-59.

Carpenter, Thomas Phelps. Rescue Missions in the Hobohemia areas of Chicago and their work with homeless men. M.A. Thesis, 1928.

Cassady, Neal. 1971. The First Third, San Francisco: City Lights Books, 225 pages.

Chandler, Henry "Hobo". 2012. Autobiography of a Hobo, OM Development ISBN: 1475154119. 227pp.

A good story with lots of historical stuff. The author, who is occasionally liable to doing the less than honest or ethical things, nevertheless shows himself to be a man of compassion by the time his hobo days are finally behind him. He begins his journey in the City Point area of south Boston, dropping out of school and hitting the road as a teenager, finding the going rough at first. He must have had something on the ball however, as he soon became an experienced hobo. He describes the tradition of the "shacks" (RR workers) demanding payment to ride the freights and how it was a game of cat and mouse to ride without paying. He also relates his personal experiences playing semi pro baseball and encounters with prize fighters such as Jack Johnson and John L. Sullivan, running a poker game in Calgary, shipping on cruise ships and freighters, spending time as a beach bum in Hawaii, and more. The time period where he is traveling by freight train is from the 1890s through the 1930s.

Chaplin, Ralph. 1948. Wobbly: The Rough-and-Tumble Story of an American Radical, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 435 pages with portraits. An autobiography.

"Chicago: Hobo Capitol of America", Survey, June 1,1923. pp. 303-5.

Chazin, Suzanne. 1991. "Long Journey Home", Reader's Digest November, pp. 83-6. Includes illustrations.

Chazin recalled her father's days as a hobo during the Great Depression and how his experiences gave her the freedom to travel but also to return home.

Chelemedos, Peter. 1980. Peter, the Odyssey of a Merchant Mariner, Seattle, WA: Peanut Butter Publishing, 188 pages.

Chiles, James R. 1998. "Hallelujah, I'm a Bum", Smithsonian, Washington DC August, 1998.

Historical article about hobo history from the late 1800s up until World War II.

Cole, Peter. Ben Fletcher: The Life and Times of a Black Wobbly (Including Fellow Worker Fletcher's Writings & Speeches). Charles H. Kerr Publishing, Chicago 2007.

Comerford, Mike. 1990. "Hobo Heaven", Chicago Tribune, August 17, 5/1.

Comerford commented on the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa, and the traditions that surround it including the annual election of a King and Queen of the Hoboes.

Conover, Ted. 1984. Rolling Nowhere: A Young Man's Adventures Riding the Rails with America's Hoboes, New York, NY: Viking Press, 274 pages. Includes two pages of plates and a journey map.

Conover, an anthropology student, gives his account of riding sixty-five freight trains, over 12,000 miles in fifteen states.

--- "A Morning with Pops", Amherst, Winter, 1981.

--- "Busted in Boomtown", Denver Magazine. Nov, 1981.

Cooper, Harry and Page Cooper. Footloose Fiddler. New York: Whittlesey House, 1945.

Cotton, Eddy Joe. (Zebu Recchia) 2002. Hobo: A young man's thoughts on trains and tramping in America, New York, NY: Harmony Books, ISBN 0-609-60738-3.

A poorly written account of hoboing in the 1990s that has received more attention than it deserved. Contains a long "hobo glossary" that is full of errors.

--- 2005. Hobo Lexicon, Buk America, Los Angeles. 32 p.

This is a reprinting of the Hobo Glossary that was featured in the last section of Cotton's book Hobo. It repeats the same mistakes (for instance, making the bizarre claim that 48s are named that, not because they hold 48' shipping containers, but because they go 48 miles per hour. So what happens when a '53' and a '48' are on the same train?)

Crampton, Frank. 1956. Deep Enough: A Working Stiff in the Western Miners' Camp, Denver: Sage Books.

Cray, Ed. 2006. "Ramblin' Man: The Life and Times of Woody Guthrie", WW Norton, New York.

The first full-blown biography of Guthrie in two decades, since Joe Klein's well known book. It relies on a great deal of previously untouched material in the Woody Guthrie Archives, in the papers of Richard Reuss housed at the University of Indiana, and in private collections as well as new interviews.

Creswell, Tim. 2001. The Tramp in America, London: Reaktion Books (www.reaktionbooks.co.uk), ISBN# 1 86189 069 9

Cronon, William. 1991. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West, New York, and London: W.W. Norton, 530 pages. Includes 30 pages of plates, illustrations, maps, index bibliographical references.

--- George Miles and Jay Gitlin editors. 1992. Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America's Western Past, New York, NY : W.W. Norton, 354 pages. Includes illustrations, index, and bibliographical references.

Culberston, Ely. The Strange Lives of One Man. Philadelphia: Winston, 1940.

Culver, Benjamin. "Transient Unemployed Men", Sociology and Social Research (17) 1933: 519-34.

Dahlberg, Edward. 1930. Bottom Dogs

Daniel, Bill. 2012. Mostly True, Microcosm Publishing, Portland, OR. 168 pages.

This is a revised and expanded edition of the book originally published in 2008. "Daniel has crafted a remarkable book to go with his twenty-years-in-the-making "Who Is Bozo Texino?" — a documentary about modern day hobos, rail workers and a forgotten outsider subculture. It's full of obscure railroad nostalgia — the result of a 25 year obsession with hobo and railworker folklore. Freight riding stories, interviews with hobos and boxcar artists, historical oddities and tons of photos of modern day boxcar tags are all presented in the guise of a vintage rail fanzine". Available through Microcosm Publishing.

d'Autremont, Hugh. 1989. Rails North, Vantage Press.

Davenport, Paula. 1989. "Retired Hobo Eager to Hit the Road Again", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 7, I/1.

A feature about Rudy Phillips, the National 1986 King of the Hobos, and his Hobo Museum in Shawneetown, IL.

Davidson, Dale L. 2006. Dead Man's Clothes: The Bum Camp of Tolt, Washington, Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA, 144 pp.

A personal memoir of growing up on a small farm in the Snoqualmie Valley near the "bum camp" where chronic inebriates from Seattle's streets were housed during the 1930s. Although this is more about the kid's perspective, it does have some information about the nearby facility located next to his farm and some of the home guard who spent time there "drying out". There was also a small hobo jungle near the tracks where 'bos would catch out on the fly, but there is little about these hobos in the book.

Davies, Peter. 1930. The Tramp's Anthology

Davies, William Henry. 1897. The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp, London: McKenzie Flowers & Co. Reprinted 1917, New York, NY: A. A. Knopf, 345 pages; 1942, 1952, London: Jonathan Cape, 318 pages, with preface by G. Bernard Shaw. 1926.

--- The Adventures of Johnny Walker, Tramp, 1926. London

Another hard to find account of hoboing and tramping during the late 1800s. Davies describes losing a foot while attempting to catch out on the fly in an earlier book (published in 1897) and does not mention any such impediment to his tramping in England in this one, so presumably these adventures predate 1897. In Johnny Walker, he describes the tramp in America as looking down on the hobo, as the true tramp always begged for his sustenance and avoided work whenever possible. Most of this book however describes the tramp in England (where all transportation was by foot unless paid for by money begged) where the true tramps also scorned those who survived by means other than begging. Davies includes some examples of tramp argot as well as very detailed examples of tramp and non-tramp interactions to back up his analysis of what motivated this class of vagabond.

--- The Adventures of Johnny Walker, Tramp, London: J. Cape. Reprinted 1970, London: A.C. Fitfield, 256 pages.

Davis, Kingsley. 1935. Youth in the Depression, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Davis, Marc. 1995. "On the Road Again: College Professor Cliff Oats Williams is at Home with Hobos and Homeless", Chicago Tribune, Sunday, March 12.

Davis, Maxine. 1932. "200,000 Vagabond Children", Ladies Home Journal, Sept. 8-9, 46-48.

DeCaux, Len. 1970. Labor Radical: From the Wobblies to CIO, Boston, MA: Beacon Press/Unitarian Universalist Association.

Dees, James Walter. 1948. Flophouse. New Hampshire: Mother Jones

Delaney, Kelly. 1970. The World through a Hobo's Eyes, View Publications, Doylestown, PA

Dell, Floyd. 1926. Intellectual Vagabondage: An Apology for the Intelligentsia. New York: George H. Doran Company

Depastino, Todd. 2003. Citizen Hobo: How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 325 pages with an index.

Dewhurst, H.S. 1955. The Railroad Police, Springfield, IL.

"Digit". 1924. Confessions of a 20th Century Hobo, Herbert Jenkins Ltd., London.

Sort of in the same genre as those hobo memoirs written by "A#1", amusing, picaresque, but little of real interest. A bit of racism, the story of a Brit on the bum in '20s America.

Dillof, Richard. 1981. Hobo, Tower.

"He's one of the last steam train riders, an apprentice hobo who has traded home and family for the only true freedom left. In the hobo jungles by the railroad tracks, in seedy bars, rundown hotels and nameless towns, the derelicts and rejects congregate, intitiating him into their lonely fraternity, the brotherhood of the road."

Dixon, Winifred Hawkbridge. 1922. Westward Hoboes. NY: Scribner

--- The Disappearing Tramp 1907. The Nation, January 3

A commentary about types of hoboes and their respective profiles with particular comparison between "yeggs" and "tramps."

Douglass, William O. 1974. Go East, Young Man, New York: Dell Publishing Company.

A memoir of a supreme court justice, who grew up poor, hopped trains, and never forgot what poverty means. Douglas was responsible for Supreme Court decisions declaring anti-vagrancy laws unconstitutional.

Downing, Mortimer. 1913. "The Case of the Hop Pickers", International Socialist Review, October, pp. 210-213.

--- "Drawbacks of Being a Knight of the Road", Literary Digest, November 11, 1916, pp. 1281-86.

Drew, Bettina. The Texas Stories of Nelson Algren

Driscoll, Bill J. Diary of a Hobo. Xlibris Corp, 2002.

Dubofsky, Melvyn. 1968. We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, also 1986. Reprinted 1969, Chicago and New York: Quadrangle.

--- 1987. "Big Bill" Haywood [1869-1928], New York: St. Martin's Press, 184 pages. Includes index and bibliography.

Duda, John (editor). Wanted: Men to Fill the Jails of Spokane! Fighting for Free Speech with the Hobo Agitators of the I.W.W. Charles H. Kerr, Chicago 2009.

John Duda has edited and written a forward to this collection of articles and writings about the IWW's free speech fight in Spokane, Washington in 1909, published on its 100th anniversary. It includes articles from the Industrial Worker, International Socialist Review, and other sources.

Duffy, Bruce. 1989. "Catching a Westbound Freight", Harper's Magazine, June, pp. 49-61.

Novelist Duffy recounted his first experience hopping a freight train with veteran hoboes Beargrease and Seattle Slim. The National Hobo Convention in Britt, IA is mentioned.

Duke, Donald. 1967-8. "The Railroad Tramp", American Railroad Journal, 2, pp.32-45.

Duis, Perry R. 1983. The Saloon: Public Drinking in Chicago and Boston, Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 380 pages with an index.

Dunn, Martha. 1906. "Philosophy and the Tramps", Atlantic Monthly, June, pp. 776-83.

Edge, William. 1927. The Main Stem, New York: Vanguard Press.

A memoir of the WWI years, probably hard to find, but worth finding and reading.

Edwards, Duval. 1992. The Great Depression And a Teenager's Fight To Survive. New York: Red Appel Publishing

--- Short Horn Hobo: Son of the Great Depression, Authorhouse, Bloomington, IN

This is a memoir of a teenager's struggle to survive in Lousiana and Texas in the '30s, fairly well written and thus a good read. The copy I got also included his later life in parts 2 and 3, which include accounts of becoming a lawyer in San Antonio and later intelligence work with the US Army during WWII. It reminds me of Monty Holm's story of his life. I would recommend this, although it does not have a great deal about traveling by freight train.

Ehrenreich, Ben. 2002. "The Hobohemians", LA Weekly Vol. 24, No. 8 July 26-August 1, 2002, Los Angeles

An account of traveling to and from the 2002 Dunsmuir, CA hobo gathering and interviewing participants. Photos by Virginia Lee Hunter.

Ehrman, Mark. 1991. "A Tradition Rides 'the Westbound'", Los Angeles Times, August 27, E/1.

A feature about the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa.

Eichenlaub, G.E. Hobo's Traverse

Eighner, Lars. 1993. Travels with Lizbeth, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Eighner's personal account of his travels with his dog Lizbeth (predominantly hitchhiking and walking). It provides insight into the aspects of homeless life, temporary living arrangements, unemployment, canine companionship, male homosexuality, dumpster diving, alcohol, drugs, insanity, and writing as a profession.[see Bragg 1993].

Eisley, Loren. 1975. All the Strange Hours: The Excavation of Life, New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 273 pages: illustrations.

A memoir of the 1930s by a later rather famous scientist and writer.

Elam, Samuel Milton. 1930. "Lady Hoboes", New Republic, January 1, pp. 164-69.

In this narrative with dialogue, Elam tells of his personal acquaintance and experiences with five ladies of the road: (1) an unidentified woman on the Southern Pacific, (2-3) Daisy and Moll, two once-were reform school girls turned hobo with the help of Ding Lewis, (4) a woman approximately fifty years of age, with a knack for soliciting and receiving hand-outs named Mary, and (5) Sal Harper, as told by Frisco Pete.

Etulain, Richard, editor. 1977. Jack London on the Road: The Tramp Diary and other Hobo Writings, Logan: Utah State University Press, 209 pages. Includes two leaves of plates, illustrations, and bibliographical references.

Facciolo, Jay. 1977. The Wobs and the Bos: The IWW and the Hobo, unpublished masters thesis, Hunter College of the City University of New York.

Fagan, James. Confessions of a Railroad Signalman. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1908.

Farrington, Selwyn Kip. 1951. Railroading the Modern Way, New York: Coward-McCann, 395 pages. Includes illustrations.

Fendelman, Helaine. Tramp Art.

Ferguson, Sarah. 1994. "Meet the Crusties", Esquire, January, pp. 68-75.

A discussion of the author's travels with members of the "generation-X-hobo-punk" movement [see Powers 1994].

Fletcher, Ben. 2006 "The Life and Times of a Black Wobbly", Charles H. Kerr, Chicago

A collection of writings by a well-known African-American Wobbly organizer, Benjamin Fletcher (1890-1949), edited by Peter Cole and including some biographical notes on Fletcher. Published for the first time in 2006 by Charles Kerr.

Flynt, Josiah. "How Men Become Tramps", The Century, volume 50, issue 6, Oct 1895.

--- "The Railroads and the Tramp", The Century, volume 58, issue 2, June 1899.

--- "Tramping with Tramps", The Century Co. 1899.

"The Little Brother" 1902, The Century Co., New York. 254 pp.

This novel is a bit Victorian in style, with the treacle a bit thick in places, but it does have some fairly specific descriptions of the east coast and Midwestern tramp/hobo subculture, particularly regarding the institution of Jockers and Prushins and how young boys would be lured onto the road, eventually to be "emancipated" to become full fledged tramps. I would recommend this only for the truly dedicated scholar of hobohemia.

"For Hoboes: Hobo News, 1937", Time, May 17, pp. 67-69.

Short account of Ben Benson's almost-incarceration by the New York City Police department for selling the Hobo News - a magazine the police thought to be a hoax and a money making scam. Brief description about the Hobo News is provided.

Foner, Phillip S. 1997. The Great Labor Uprising of 1877 Pathfinder Press, New York.

Outlines the Railroad Strike of 1877 and how this first generalized strike of U.S. workers spread across the entire country.

Forbes, James. 1911. "The Tramp; or Caste in the Jungle", Outlook, August 19, pp. 869-75.

The editors of the Outlook noted that Forbes - as the Secretary of the National Association for the Prevention of Mendicancy - was the leading authority of the country on underworld having studied those sections of criminal and diligent classes [p.869]. Forbes discussed the distinctions and background of the members of the various hobo strata (classes): tramps, hoboes, gaycats, transient workmen, jockers, kids, nixey winger (person without arms due to train accident), and mush faks. Specific cases and people are used to illustrate various points (e.g., Ohio Slim, Susquehanna Red, Spider Kid). Modes of communication (e.g., the water tower bulletin board), hobo fatalities, drinking, terminology, are discussed and lyrics to a few songs are provided.

--- 1911. "John the Yeggman", Outlook, August 12, pp. 823-828.

Forbes provides insight into the practices, methods, tools and behavioral characteristics of yeggs (safe-cracking criminals and/or criminals who ride the rails and rob others). John Yegg is a term, not a specific person. However, many real-life yeggs are discussed (e.g., Topeka Joe, Fatty Ghee, Buck Bullard).

--- 1903. "Jockers and the Schools They Keep", Charities, November 7, pp. 432-36.

Foster, Harry L. 1922. The Adventures of a Tropical Tramp, Dodd Meade & Co.

Foster, William Z. 1939. Pages from a Worker's Life, New York: International Publishers Co.

Fox, Charles Elmer. 1989. Tales of an American Hobo, Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 226 pages. Reprint (?) at 265 pages. Preface by Albert A. Stone, introduction by Lynne M. Adrian [see Adrian]. Includes bibliographic references.

Reefer Charlie rode the rails from 1928-1939 and from 1939 to 1965 he hitchhiked and traveled by foot.

Fox, R.M. 1930. "Rolling Stones", Nineteenth Century, June, pp. 846-54.

Fox, Terry. 1985. Hobo Signs: A Compilation of Hobo Signs for Those Who May One Day Find Them Useful, Munchen, Germany: Kunstraum Munchen, 112 pages with bibliographical references.

A collection of hobo signs illustrated in freehand with definitions with a brief history.

Fried, Frederick. 1964. No Pie in the Sky; The Hobo as American Cultural Hero in the works of Jack London (1876-1916), John Dos Passos (1896-1970), and Jack Kerouac (1922-1969), New York: Citadel Press, 95 pages with a bibliography.

Freed, Dolly. Possum Living: How to Live with Very Little Money.

Gaignault, Fabrice. 2005. "La Vie aux Trousses", Marie Claire (French edition) January.

A French language article. The author attends a hobo gathering in Dunsmuir, California and then travels around the West with a group of young women train-riders. Photos by Jack Cahill.

Garahan, Melbourne. 1924. Stiffs, New York: T. Seltzer, 311 pages.

Garland, Hamlin. 1917. A Son of the Middle Border, New York, NY: The Macmillan Company. Reprinted 1927, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 467 pages.

--- 1926a. Trail-Makers of the Middle Border, New York, NY: The Macmillan Company, 426 pages. Includes illustrations and plates.

--- 1926b. A Daughter of the Middle Border, New York, NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 405 pages.

Garon, Paul and G. Tomko. 2006. "What's the Use of Walking if There's a Freight Train Going Your Way?" Black Hoboes and their Songs. Chicago, Charles Kerr Publishing. 288 pages with index and bibliography.

Garrad, G.A. 1896. "Boy Tramps and Reform Schools; A Reply to Mr. Flynt", Century, April, p. 955.

"Gentle Art of Hoboing As Practiced by an Artist", Literary Digest, July 16, 1921, pp. 40-43.

Gastman, Roger, D. Rowland and I. Sattler. 2006. "Freight Train Graffiti", New York, Abrams, Inc. 352 pages with index.

While this well-illustrated book is mainly about aerosol graffiti, Chapter 8, "Monikers", features 32 pages of hobo and railworker graffiti.

Gilmore, Harlan. The Beggar. New York: University of North Carolina Press, 1940.

Gojack, John. A Long Way From Hungary

Goldman, Emma. 1931. Living My Life, New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Reprinted 1970, New York, NY: Da Capo Press, 2 volumes, includes illustrations, portraits; and 1982, Salt Lake City: G.M. Smith, 993 pages with portraits.

--- 1910. Anarchism, and Other Essays with Biographic Sketch by Hippolyte Havel, Reprinted 1969, Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 277 pages with portraits.

Goodkind, Ben. 1907. An American Hobo in Europe: A True Narrative of...

Gordon, John. 1927. Tramp Printer, The Gordon Press, Brewer, Maine

Gracey, Everett L. 1999. "From a 13 Year Old Hobo to an Entrepeneur" published by E.L. Gracey, Box 6000, Reno NV 89513-6000

This guy had a pretty rough time of it, but not nearly as well written. More for the reader who reads everything they can find on the hobo experience. 80pp.

Graham, Maury "Steam Train" and Robert J. Hemming. 1990. Tales of the Iron Rod: My Life as King of the Hobos, New York: Paragon House, 222 pages.

--- 1985. A History of Hoboes, Tramps, and other Vagabonds, Toledo, OH: Graham.

A discussion of the definitions and distinctions of hoboes, tramps, transients, hitchhikers, bums, boomers, gypsies, winos, and rubber vagabonds. This also contains another of Graham's books, Patches.

--- 1985. Patches: About Britt, Iowa and its Hoboes, Toledo, OH: Graham.

Grant, Richard. 2003. Ghost Riders: Travels with American Nomads Little, Brown. 288 pages.

Describes his travels over 15 years meeting a variety of nomadic types. Only peripherally about hoboing. A hardcover version is titled "American Nomads."

Grayson, David. The Friendly Road. New York: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1913.

--- Adventures of David Grayson: Adventures in Contentment, Adventures in Friendship, The Friendly Road. New York: Doubleday, 1925.

"The Great Historical Bum: An Introduction to Hobo Folklore", Come All Ye, October-December 1975.

Green, Al et al. (editors) 2007. "The Big Red Songbook", Charles H Kerr, Chicago

This is a revised and expanded version of the IWW classic songbook, including all the songs included in the original 1909-1973 editions plus newer adaptations.

Green, Howard. 1979. "A Devil With a Lot of Questions: Reverend John McCook and His 1891 Tramp Survey", paper presented at the annual meeting of the Organization of American Historians, New Orleans, LA, April

Greenhalgh, Cy. W. 2000. "Rogues, Hoboes, and Entrepreneurs", a good memoir of the 30's hobo experience, with other experiences before and after. 218 pp.

Gregory, Ted. 1995. "Weekend Hobos Romance of the Rails Lures Some Unlikely Vagabonds", Chicago Tribune, July 3.

An article about the "Loco Motives", a group of hobo enthusiasts who gather to share hobo stories in Chicago. The truths about rail life, its lure, and Chicago are discussed. A hobo glossary is included.

Grienbrier, J.J. 1977. Railroadin, Etc.

A very unusual fictionalized account of poverty and rail riding in the south in the 1930s. Appears to be based on the author's experiences.

Grosfield, Byron. 1981. Buckaroos and Boxcars, Big Timber, Montana: Pioneer Publishing Co.

Grossardt, Ted. 1996. "Harvest(ing) Hoboes: The Production of Labor Organization through the Wheat Harvest", Agricultural History 2, pgs 283-302.

"Guitar Solo to the Luring Freight Car", 1923. Chicago Literary Times, June 15.

Gurule, Jo Ann. 2009. Life for the American Hobo, PublishAmerica, Baltimore (I think this is a print on demand book.)

A turkey, this book is poorly written, mainly a rehash of information easily found in a number of other, more well known histories of hobo life.

Guthrie, Woody. 1943. Bound for Glory, New York, NY: E.P. Dutton. Reprinted 1983, New York: New American Library, 320 pages with illustrations.

Gutman, Herbert. 1973. "Work, Culture, and Society in America, 1815-1919", American Historical Review, June.

Gypsy Moon. 1996. Done & Been: Steel Rail Chronicles of American Hobos, Indiana University Press, 216 pages with 22 photos. Includes recipes and interviews with contemporary riders and erstwhile riders.

Haardt, Sara. 1928. "Jim Tully", American Mercury, May, pp. 82-89.

Hader, John, J. 1928. "Honk Honk Hobo", The Survey, August 1, pp. 453-455.

An early article about rubber-tramping. The context is mostly a comparison between rubber-tramps and freight tramps. Interesting photos.

Haggard, Merle with Peggy Russell. 1981 Sing Me Back Home, Times Books 287 pages.

A memoir with freighthopping involved.

--- with Tom Carter. 1999. My House of Memories, Cliff Street Books.

Another Haggard memoir with descriptions of his train riding days.

Hahn, Jessica Erica. Transient Ways. Passing Through Publications, 1997.

Hall, J. N. 1892. "How The Tramp Travels", Harper's Weekly, March 12, pp. 255-56.

Hallet, Richard Mathews. This Rolling World.

Hallman, Tom Jr. 1995. "Rail Police Have Hard Life on Tracks", Oregonian, Monday, April 17, B/6.

An article about the trivialities, dangers, and difficulties of railroad police work with excerpts of interviews with Tom Morrison, supervising agent in Portland, OR and special agent Bob Spinks of the Union Pacific Railroad.

Hanson, George. "God bless you Big Joe", The Evening Sun Baltimore, May 18 1983, A12.

Hapgood, Hutchins. 1910. Types From City Streets, New York: Garrett Press. Reprinted 1970, The Social History of Poverty: The Urban Experience Series, 379 pages with illustrations.

Harlow, Alvin Fay. 1931. Old Bowery Days: The Chronicles of A Famous Street, New York and London: D. Appleton, 564 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

Harper, Douglas A. 1982. Good Company, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The dialogue between Harper (a sociologist), his riding partner Carl (a hobo) and the various hoboes encountered during Harper's month-long field work riding the rails. It is presented according to the sequence of events. Harper's concerns were primarily work-related issues and the majority of the dialogue presented is about these topics along with alcohol, drugs, women and law.

--- 1979. "Life on the Road", in John Wagner, ed., Images of Information: Still Photography in Social Sciences, Sage Focus Editions, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 311 pages. Includes preface by Howard S. Becker and bibliography.

--- 1976. The Homeless Man: An Ethnography of Work, Trains, and Booze, Ph.D. dissertation, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Microfilms.

Harring, Sidney. 1977. "Class Conflict and the Suppression of Tramps in Buffalo, 1892-1894", Law and Society Review, Summer.

Harris, Leo. The Man Who Tramps, Indianapolis: 1878.

Harris, Sara. 1956. Skid Row, U.S.A., Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 285 pages.

Harris attempted to debunk "common misconceptions" about those who belong to the Skid Row class. Chapter Seven "Hobohemia U.S.A", is a conversation between Harris and hoboes "Schloime the Troime", "Cussin Cassidy", "Rickety Stan", and "Big Belly Bob Johnson." The I.W.W. is a large portion of the discussion.

Haywood, Bill. 1974. The Autobiography of Big Bill Haywood, New York: International Publishers.

--- 1929. Bill Haywood's Book: The Autobiography of William D. Haywood, New York: International Publishers.

--- 1969. The I.W.W. Trial: The Case of the United States Versus William D. Haywood and Others, Held at the United States District Court at Chicago, 1918, New York: Arno Press, Mass Violence America Series, 208 pages.

Healy, T.F. 1926. "Hobo Hits the Highroad", American Mercury, July, pp. 334-38.

Heller, H.J. "Hoboes Boxcar Rides a Journey into Life", Pittsburg Press, Dec 23, 1979.

Hennessy, D. On the Bum, Five Blue Books.

Herrick, William. 2001. "Jumping the Line", AK Press, Oakland, 279 pages.

An autobiographical account of "the adventures and misadventures of an American radical." Herrick was at various times a farm worker, member of the IWW, hobo, fighter in the Spanish Civil War, and novelist.

Hertoghs, Jan. 1996. On the Rail Again, from the Belgian magazine Humo, in 4 parts, July 23, July 30, Aug. 6, Aug. 13

Hibberd, James. 1998. Trainhopping, Austin American-Statesman, Jan. 15

Hicks, John Edward. 1950. Adventures of a Tramp Printer, 1880-1890, Midamericana Press, Kansas City, 285 pp.

Higbie, Frank Tobias. 2003. Indispensable Outcasts: Hobo Workers and Community in the American Midwest 1880 - 1930, University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.

Hinkle, Ray. 1991. Polk County Vagabond: A Hobo Autobiography

"Hobo Hegemony: Convention to Decide Among Rival Kings of Road Knights", Literary Digest, April 10, 1937, pp. 10-12. Originally appeared in Hobo News. Reprinted by National Hobo Foundation, Britt, Iowa.

Hobo News, February 1937-April 20,1948, published by Patrick Mulkern, Ben Hobo, "the Coast Kid" Benson - business manager.

Featured articles, poems, cartoons, and occasionally songs about politics, law enforcement, employment, and hobo life that catered to hobo culture (including hobo-sympathizers and hobo-intellectuals). It maintained and promoted a strongly pro-American viewpoint and also served as a political advocate on the behalf of hoboes.

Hobo Times: America's Journal of Wanderlust (19xx - 200x) Los Angeles, Bemidji, MN.

This magazine was published 3-5 times a year by the National Hobo Association (NHA) and distributed to its members. Based in Los Angeles (199x-199x) and then Bemidji, Minnesota, when it was edited by Buzz Potter and gained a full-color cover. Included photos, articles, poetry and news oriented at recreational trainriders.

"Hoboes' Union", Journal of Switchman's Union of North America, 1914, pp. 20-22.

Hofer, E. 1893-94. "The Tramp Problem", Overland Monthly, 23, p. 628.

Hoffman, Victor F. 1953. The American Tramp, 1870-1900, Masters thesis, University of Chicago.

Hofvendahl, Russ. 1995. A Land So Fair and Bright, published by the author. Contact: Russ Hofvendahl, P.O. Box 5458, San Jose, CA 95150-5458.

A memoir of a trip in 1938 through western Canada and around the US. Well written, makes the 1930s come alive.

Holm, Monte 1999. Once a Hobo: The Autobiography of Monte Holm with Dennis Clay, Michigan: Proctor Publications, LLC, $25.

The book can also be purchased from "The House of Poverty Museum" and Moses Lake Iron & Metal, P.O. Box 448, Moses Lake, WA 98837 (509) 765-6342.

Hoover, Erin. 1996. "Police Question Suspect in Boxcar Slayings", The Oregonian,March 7, B/1.

A report on the investigation of Robert Joseph Silveria, suspected of killing two men found in boxcars in Oregon. His involvement in of homicides in Arizona, California, Kansas, Montana, Texas and Utah is also mentioned.

Hopkins, Bobb "Santa Fe 'Bo". 1988. Hobo Travel Guide, Los Angeles: National Hobo Association.

An introduction to freight hopping and the National Hobo Association.

"How Baltimore Banished Tramps", Forum, pp. 497-504. An early article on the tramp problem and the in-vogue remedies of the day.

"How to Tell a Hobo from a Mission Stiff", Survey, March, 21, 1914, p. 781.

Howe, Ken. 1996. American Nomads, San Francisco Chronicle, Jan. 14

Hubbard, Elbert. 1893. "Rights of Tramps", Arena, pp. 593-600.

Hultkrans, Andrew. 1998. Photo Bill's search for Bozo Texino, from the Stim Website

Hurd, Thacher. 1980. Hobo Dog, Scholastic Book Services. New York.

A kid's color illustrated book about the adventures of a dog named Hobo who loves junkyards and riding freight trains! Nice drawings, highly recommended. There are at least two other later books in the Hobo Dog series, I don't know if there is as much train riding in those books as in this original one though.

Hurt, R. Douglas. 1981. The Dust Bowl: An Agricultural and Social History, Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 214 pages. Includes 16 leaves of plates, illustrations, maps, index, and bibliography.

Hyde, James. Memoirs of a Teenage Hobo in the Thirties. Rev edition, Carlton Press, 1983.

Industrial Workers of the World. 1909. Songs of the IWW (to fan the flames of discontent) (aka the "Little Red Songbook"). IWW, Chicago. 38th edition updated and reprinted by the IWW in May, 2010.

Irwin, Godfrey. 1930. The American Tramp and Underworld Slang, New York: Sears Publishing Company Co. Reprinted in 1931 as American Tramp and Underworld Slang; Words and Phrases used by Hoboes, Tramps, Migratory Workers and Those on the Fringes of Society, With Their Uses and Origins, with a Number of Tramp Songs, Edited, with Essays on the Slang and the Songs, by Godfrey Irwin. With a Terminal Essay on American slang in its Relation to English Thieves' Slang, by Eric Partridge, London: E. Partridge, Ltd. at the Scholartis Press, 263 pages.

Irwin, Will. 1914. "The Floating Laborer", Saturday Evening Post, May 9.

Iverson, Wayne. 2010. Hobo Sapien, Robert D. Reed, Publishers, Bandon, OR

About 120 pp., this is a series of parables, or short hobo stories with a moral at the end of each. Iverson dropped out of college and spent a number of years bumming around as well as becoming a disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda and spending seven years in a monastery. The hoboing stories are short and sometimes interesting, and you can easily skip the homilies as they are all at the end of each story. There were a few details mentioned that I hadn't known about, and no glaring mistakes or misinformation. He does begin the book with a warning "DO NOT HOP FREIGHT TRAINS", which seems just a little hypocritical since he seems to enjoy it so much himself.

Jackson, Jason. 1957. Overland Slim the Maverick; The Seven Ages of the Eventful Life of a Genuine American Hobo, New York: Greenwich Book Publishers, 99 pages.

Jacobson, G.D. 1995. Four on a Flatcar, Print Shop at Bend in the River, Everett WA?

A nice memoir of riding in the late 40s, a period not well documented.

Jacobsen, Kurt. 1994. "Hail the Noble Movie Savage", The Guardian, June 9, p. 9.

Jacobsen discussed the depiction of homeless people in modern films, with historical emphasis, citing the origins of this phenomenon as Charlie Chaplin's tramp and the vicious hobo in Jean Renoir's film "Boudu Saved from Drowning."

James, Joseph. In the Path of a Hobo. Xlibris Corporation, 2002.

"James Eads How: Portrait", Collier's, June 26, 1926, p. 16. A depiction of the millionaire-hobo.

Jefferson, David J. 1992. "Weekend Hobos Try to Recapture a Romantic Past", Wall Street Journal, January 28, A/1.

A feature about the "Beverly Hills 'Bos" who live in and around Beverly Hills, CA. Some members ride the rails in their spare time, while others gather to hear and share stories about hobo life. [See Madigan1992; it is a response to this article. Madigan was the safety inspector for the Federal Railroad Administration].

Jodrey, Bill. Diary of a Hobo. Xlibris Corporation, 2002.

Jones, David.1993. "Let the Hobo Myth Die: Debunking a Popular Image", Trains Magazine, 53/3: 72.

Jones, a college professor and historic railroad hobbyist, discouraged the glorification of hobo life because it serves as an incorrect role model which youths could emulate. Secondly, the poplar image does not consider the harsh reality of the hobo way of life.

Johanningsmeier, Edward P. 1994. Forging American Communism: the Life of William Z. Foster

Jones, G.C. 1985. Growing up Hard in Harlan County, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.

Jury, Mark. 1979. "The Last American Romantic", Ambassador, March, pp. 46-52.

Kaplan, Steve. 1988. "Hallelujah, I'm a Bum", Travel Holiday, November, p. 96.

The events of the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa are discussed: the Hobo King and Queen Elections, parade, art fairs, carnival rides, games, races, music, poetry and story-telling, flea markets, and more. Historical facts about attendance and the hoboes' sleeping accommodations are also mentioned (empty boxcars on the outskirts of town).

Kazarian, John. 1933. "The Starvation Army", The Nation, April 12-26.

Keeley, Bo. Executive Hobo: Riding the American Dream

Keeley, Steve, ed. 1986. Hobo Life in America: Training Manual, Lansing, MI: Lansing Community College. An instructional text on the tradition of riding freight trains.

Kelly, Edmond. The Elimination of the Tramp.

Kelly, Jessie. The Tramps Convention: An Entertainment in One Scene. Boston, 1912.

Kemp, Harry. 1923. "The Hobo", New Republic, August 22, pp. 365-66.

--- 1922. Tramping on Life, New York: Boni and Liveright. Reprinted 1927, Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co.

--- 1920. Chanteys and Ballads, New York: Brentano's.

--- 1914. The Cry of Youth, New York: Mitchell, Kennerly.

--- 1911. "The Lure of the Tramp", Independent, June 8, pp. 1270-71.

Kennedy, Bart. 1908. A Tramp's Philosophy, John Long, 317 pp.

Kenny, Raymond. 1911. "The Hobo Convention", Survey, September, 23, pp. 862-864.

A report on "The Hobo Convention" (officially "The Convention of the Unemployed") organized by James Eads How held in Washington, D.C. September 1-6, 1911, and the fifty or so hoboes that attended.

Kerouac, Jack. 1960. Lonesome Traveler, New York: McGraw-Hill. Reprinted 1989, New Evergreen edition, New York: Grove Press, copyright 1988, 183 pages.

--- 1960. "The Vanishing American Hobo", Holiday, March, p.60.

--- 1955. On the Road, New York: The Viking Press.

Kerr, James. 1930. Backdoor Guest, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., New York, Arno Press, 1974.

Ketcham, Christopher. 2002. "Hoboes from Hell", Stuff, July edition.

Klein, Joe 1980. "Woody Guthrie: A Life" New York, Random House. 512 pages.

Klein, Nicholas. 1926. "Hobo Lingo", American Speech, September, pp. 650-53.

A brief discussion of the origins of the word hobo (advocating the hoe-boy theory) with a listing of over two hundred hobo terms and phrases.

Knibbs, Henry. 1930. Songs of the Lost Frontier, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

--- 1914. Songs of the Outlands: Ballads of the Hoboes and Other Verses, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Kornbluh, Joyce L., editor. 1964. Rebel Voices: An I. W. W. Anthology, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Reprinted 1968, Ann Arbor Paperback Series, 419 pages. Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company, Chicago. 1998.

Includes illustrations, cartoons, photographs, lyrics, notes, and a glossary of terms and phrases of the migratory worker, (including hobo, lumberjack and miner terms), and bibliography. Korbluh, the former executive secretary of the AFL-CIO Joint Minimum Wage Committee, has provided a comprehensive "history of the I.W.W. as told by the Wobblies themselves. It is a story of their strikes, free-speech fights, trials, and riots, of militancy and martyrdom, of sacrifices and suppression, of epic struggles for One Big Union and a Cooperative Commonwealth which would be free class and nationality distinctions" [preface]. Kornbluh has accomplished this by presenting a collection of articles, stories, cartoons, lyrics, and photographs from the Labadie Collection at the University of Michigan Library. Chapter Three, "Riding the Rails: I.W.W. Itinerants", devotes particular attention to hoboes [pages 65-93]. Kreiger, Michael. Tramp.

Kotler, Steven. 1999. "Damn Track", Maxim, June edition

Kreiger, Michael. Tramp

Krist, Gary. 2007. The White Cascade - the Great Northern Railway Disaster and America's Deadliest Avalanche, Henry Holt & Co., N.Y., 315 pp.

Kromer, Tom. 1935. Waiting for Nothing, New York: Hill & Wang. Reprinted 1968, American Century Series AC89, 187 pages.

--- Waiting for Nothing and Other Writings. Edited by Casciato, Arthur Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 1986.

Kusmer, Kenneth. Down and Out, On the Road: The Homeless in American History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 332 pp.

Although containing a lot more than most people would ever want to know, I particularly like his analysis of how the historical changes in American industry from the colonial era into the 19th century affected the way tramps and hobos were "created" and perceived by both urban and rural Americans. Changes in the attitudes of railroad workers towards hobos were also significant as the working conditions and experiences of panics (economic depressions) became part of the historical memory. There is a lot of content discussing hobo jungles, skid row areas of cities, and related sociological data that is less than riveting reading, but the author quotes extensively from many very interesting sources.

Kussmaul, Allen. 2009. Life on the Bum in the Early 30s

"Ladies of the Road", Literary Digest, August 13, 1932, p. 33

Lafot, E. 1950. Hobo Travels and Hitchhiking in 1885-1886

Latham, Frank. The Panic of 1893, School & Library Binding, 1971.

Laubach, Charles. Why there are Vagrants. New York: Columbia University Press, 1916.

Laurent, Camille Pierre. "The Schoolboys and the Hobo: Black American Culture Between Orality and Literacy"

Laws, Wallace. Life of a Tramp. Chicago: MA Donohue, 1910

Lawson, Archie. Freight Trains West. Sacremento: Lucas Publishers, 1980.

Leavitt, Samuel. 1886. "The Tramps and the Law", Forum, pp. 190-200.

Leeflang, Gerard. 1984. American Travels of a Dutch Hobo, 1923-1926, Ames: Iowa State University Press, 162 pages.

A memoir, illustrated by the author with interesting pen and ink line drawings. It only mentions one trip by freight, but has some interesting accounts of driving a taxi in Chicago during prohibition.

Leen, Daniel. 1992. The Freight Hopper's Manual for North America: Hoboing In The 21st Century, Seattle: Ecodesigns Northwest Publishers, 112 pages.

A revised edition for the 21st Century. Leen stated "Because the original Freighthopper's Manual deals with concepts, I have left the body of the original text unchanged, merely adding some philosophical musings and technical updates in this "afterward" (p.95). [see Welty 1994].

--- 2012. The Rolling of the Earth: The Letters of Steve Hoyt, Ecodesigns Northwest Publishers, Seattle, 224 pp.

A portrait of a young man, whose life was cut short at an early age, "getting the education of the open road: hitch hiking and riding freight trains across America, fishing in Alaska, working on local farms, climbing mountains in Washington's rugged North Cascades, and sailing the waters of Puget Sound". A personal history of a pivotal period in America, as told through his letters and the memories of his friends.

Lennon, John. 2004. "Ridin' the Rails: The Place of the Passenger and the Space of the Hobo", Journal of American Popular Culture, Vol. 3, Issue 2

Lescohier, Don. 1923. "Harvesters and Hoboes in the Wheat Fields", Survey, August 1, pp. 482-487.

--- 1920. Harvest Labor Problems in the Wheat Belt, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bulletin No. 1020, Washington D.C., Government Printing Office.

Levy, Dan. 1991. "Hoboes Meet to Trade Tales of Riding the Rails", San Francisco Chronicle, January 17, A/2.

Levy provided an account of a National Hobo Association meeting in San Francisco at Harrington's Pub.

Lewis, Orlando, F. 1909. "Railway Vagrancy", Charities, January 23, pp. 713-717.

--- 1909. "Concerning Vagrancy", Charities, January 23, pp. 713-17

--- 1908. "The American Tramp", Atlantic Monthly, June, pp. 744-53.

--- 1907. "Vagrancy in the United States", Conference of Charities and Corrections, National Proceedings, pp. 52-77.

--- 1907. "Vagrants and the Railroad", North American, July, 19, pp. 603-13.

Library of Congress, Music Division, Archive of Folk Song. 1983. A Selected Bibliography on Hoboes and Their Folklore With Library of Congress Call Numbers, Washington, D.C.: The Archive, 3 pages.

The entire contents of this bibliography have been cited herein.

Lever, Charles (the Tilbury Tramp). Tales of the Trains, W.S. Orr, London, 1845.

Lindsay, Nicholas Vachel. A Handy Guide for Beggars. NY: Macmillian, 1916.

Lipton, Dean. 1991. "Memoirs of a Bindle Stiff", San Francisco Chronicle, August 7, A/15.

Lipton commented on his adventures as an unemployed youth and the effects of unemployment on hobo life.

Lindsay, Vachel, N. 1916. A Handy Guide for Beggars, Especially Those of The Poetic Fraternity; Being Sundry Explorations, Made While Afoot and Penniless in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. These Adventures Convey and Illustrate the Rules of Beggary for Poets and Some Others, New York and Boston: The Macmillan Company, 205 pages.

--- 1912. "Rules of the Road", American Magazine, May, pp.54-59.

Linkletter, Art. 1980. I Didn't Do It Alone, Ottawa, Ill.: Caroline House Publishers.

Linnemeir, John. 2008. How an Average Man Lived an Adventurous Life, Authorhouse, Bloomington, IN. 324p.

Only one of the many vignettes is about riding trains, with a long series of little blurbs here and there. Most are about hitchhiking across the Sahara (repeatedly) or boats in India or hiking in the Himalayas or opium dens in Laos after being drafted. It's very fantastical, entertaining and charming.

Littlejohn, Duffy. 1993. Hopping Freight Trains in America, Los Osos, CA: Sand River Press, 354 pages. Includes 70 photos, index, and bibliography.

A how-to manual for the neophyte with historical background of American hoboes and the railroad industry. Topics include what to wear/bring, where and how to catch, legal aspects, railroad history, how to read railroad signals, and common misconceptions. A revised edition was published in 200X.

--- 2002. Lonesome Whistle, Zephyr Rhoades Press, Silver City, NM.

Livingston, Leon Ray (A#1). 1917. From Coast to Coast with Jack London, by A-no 1, The Famous Tramp, Written by Himself from Personal Experiences, fifth edition, Erie, PA: The A-no 1 Publishing Company, 136 pages. Includes facsimiles, and illustrations. Reprinted 1969, Grand Rapids, MI: Black Letter Press.

--- 1921. Here and There with A-No. 1, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1919. How I Won My Wife, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1919. The Ways of the Hobo, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1919. The Curse of Tramp Life, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1916. The Snare of the Road, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1916. The Life and Adventures of A-No. 1, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1916. Hobo Camp Fire Tales, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1916. The Adventures of a Female Tramp, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

--- 1916. The Mother of the Hobos, Erie, PA: A-No. 1 Publishing Co.

Loane, M. 1991. "A Woman Supertramp", Living Age, January, 28, pp. 253-255.

Logan, Bob. 1994. "More Hungry Boys", Commonwealth, February 25, p. 31.

Logan recalled his leaving home at the age of 16 in 1933 and leading the life of a hobo for 8 months before deciding to return home.

Lomax, Alan. 1960. The Folk Songs of North America In the English Language, Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company Incorporated, 623 pages with illustrations. Reprinted in 1975 by Dolphin Books.

Includes many hobo and railroad songs.

London, Jack. 1916. "Rods and Gunnels", Bookman, October, pp. 176-79.

--- 1908. "Adventures With the Police", The Cosmopolitan, March, pp. 417-23.

--- 1907. The Road, New York: The MacMillan Company.

--- 1907. "Hoboes That Pass in the Nights", The Cosmopolitan, December, pp. 190-97.

--- 1905. War of the Classes, New York: Macmillan. Reprinted 1970, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Literature House, 278 pages.

--- 1979. Jack London on the Road: The Tramp Diary and Other Hobo Writings, edited by Richard W. Etulain, Utah State University Press.

Lovald, Keith Arthur. 1963. From Hobohemia to Skid Row: The Changing Community of the Homeless Man, Ph.D dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Love, Edmund. 1957. Subways Are for Sleeping, New York: Harcourt, Brace, 186 pages.

Lummis, Charles Fletcher. 1892. A Tramp Across the Continent, New York: C. Scribner. Reprinted 1906, C. Scribner's Sons, 270 pages.

Lynn, Ethel. 1917. The Adventures of a Woman Hobo, New York: George H. Doran Company, 296 pages.

An autobiographical account of the experience of the author and her husband in traveling by bicycle from Chicago to California.

Mack, Josh. 2011. The Hobo Handbook: A Field Guide to Living by Your Own Rules, Adams Media, Avon, MA.

Not particularly rail-oriented, it has a lot of general information on subjects such as camping out, edible wild plants, first aid, etc. (much of which that can be found elsewhere in more detail). Still, it has a lot of good advice for the novice who wants to hit the road, and is probably the only such handbook "in print". Some of the information includes historical sidebars about figures such as James Michener, Robert Mitchum, Merle Haggard, and Jack Dempsey, interesting but not terribly useful except as inspirational stories. The bibliography is pretty lame, including Eddy Joe Cotton's book next to Jack Black's You Can't Win. I got the impression that this guy hasn't a lot of miles under his belt.

Mackensie, Kenneth. 1939. Living Rough, Johnathan Cape, 288 pp.

Madigan, Susan. 1992. "Throw the Bums Out. Don't Romanticize 'Em", Wall Street Journal, February 24, A/15.

As the railroad safety inspector for the Federal Railroad Administration, Madigan responded to the January 28, 1992 article written by David Jefferson [Jefferson 1992] wherein the life and exploits of hoboes were glorified. She condemned the article for complicating efforts to promote and maintain railroad safety.

Maggart, Gerald. Hobohemia During the Depression. University of Missouri Dissertation, 1932.

Maharidge, Dale. 1985. Journey to Nowhere: the Saga of the New Underclass, Garden City, N.Y.: Dial Press, 192 pages. Includes illustrations, and photographs by Michael Williamson.

--- 1993. "The Last of the Old-Time Hoboes", The Nation, August 9/16, pp. 165-168.

The views of seventy-six year old Depression-era hobo "Montana Blackie" on hobo culture, steam vs. diesel locomotion, and mainstream society are provided.

--- 1993. The Last Great American Hobo, Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing, 278 pages. Includes illustrations, photographs by Michael Williamson, and index.

--- 2012. Someplace Like America: Tales From the New Great Depression, University of California Press, Berkeley, 256p. Photographs by Michael Williamson.

Thirty years later this book revisits some of the same people highlighted in the authors' "The Last Great American Hobo", drawing parallels and links between the recession of the early 1980s and the Great Recession that began in 2008.

Mainer, M. L. and M.E. Mann. Me and Hobo Bill, (memoir)

Mallery, James Lynn. From a dangerous to a dependent and defective group of men: Social policy, urban space, and the masculinity of hoboes in San Francisco, 1849-1917. Dissertation: General University Microfilms, 1999.

Mansfield, Drummond. 1987. "Memories of the Road", American History Illustrated, February, p. 34-41.

Mansfield described his experiences as a hobo during the Great Depression. Information is given about how hoboes traveled (riding on the tops of boxcars or inside empty ones) and where and how they camped (in "jungles" at the edges of railroad town). Distinctions of different types of hoboes are provided: some were migrant workers and were sometimes preyed upon by "yeggs" (hobo criminals who typically raided migrant camps around payroll time), and the hoboes that spent most of their lives on the rails and took to walking when they got too old to catch trains ("old airedales"). Mansfiled discussed the dangers and hardships of hobo life and the reasons why many paid this price for the freedom to roam.

Marley, Patrick. 2001. "The Other Side of This Life", Alternative Press Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Spring.

Eight page magazine article describing the lives of young punk train-riders.

Marrin, Albert. 2009. "Years of Dust: The Story of the Dust Bowl", Penguin Group, New York.

An award-winning recounting of the depression-era dust bowl, the "Okie" refugees and their exodus to California. Includes lots of photos, including some good ones that have also been published elsewhere by Dorothea Lange. Some description of migrants, hoboing, and Woody Guthrie.

Marsh, Benjamin. 1903-4. "Causes of Vagrancy and Methods of Eradication", Annals of the American Academy of Political Science, pp. 445-46.

Martinez, Al. 1991. "King of the Road", Los Angeles Times, March 14, B/2.

Martinez commented on his experience at the monthly meeting of the Los Angeles-based National Hobo Association at the Roadhouse Restaurant in Beverly Hills CA.

Mathers, Michael. 1973. Riding the Rails, Boston: Gambit, 136 pages with illustrations.

The works of Kerouac and London inspired Mathers to take to riding the rails and ultimately the publication of this photographic essay about contemporary hobo life. Mathers presents the words of various hoboes with brief contextualization. The photographs were all taken in the field when the respective dialogue took place.

Maxwell, Cliff. 1939. "Daughters of the Road", Railroad Magazine, September, pp. 49-51.

--- 1929. "Lady Vagabonds", Scribner's Magazine, March, pp. 88-92.

Mayer, Cynthia. 1993. "New Breed of Hobo Rides for Sheer Joy and Excitement", St. Paul Pioneer Press, Thursday, May 13, D/13; also published as "Today's Hobos Ride in Style", Chicago Tribune, Monday May 17, p.8; and "Yuppies Hitch Ride as Weekend Hobos with Credit Cards Aboard", Atlanta Constitution, Sunday, May 23, D/10.

An account of a rail trip made by the "Sacramanto Kid", "Capt. Cook", "Itchy Foot" with commentary on hoboing by "Guitar Whitey", "Santa Fe 'Bo", and Ernest Hanson. "Minnesota Jewel, (Minneapolis Jewel)" "Adman", the NHA, and Depot Inn are also mentioned. Although this article appears is based on one experience, there are some slight differences in content.

Maynard, Lawrence, et al. 1929. Stories of Tramp Life, Haldeman-Julius Co. , Girard, Kansas, (#1412 in the little blue book series)

McCook, John. "Leaves from the Diary of a Tramp, III" The Independent 1902: 3009-13.

--- "Leaves from the Diary of a Tramp, IV" The Independent LIV no. 2770 1902: 23-8.

--- "Leaves from the Diary of a Tramp, VI" The Independent LIV, no.2775 1902: 332-7.

--- "A Tramp Consensus and its Revelations", Forum 15 1893: 753-61.

--- "Some New Phases of The Tramp Problem", The Charities Review Vol 1 no.8 355-364.

The Social Reform Papers of John James McCook1977. Ed. Adela Haberski French. Hartford: The Antiquarian and Landmarks Society, Inc., of Connecticut

McGuckin, Henry E. 1987. Memoirs of a Wobbly, Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company. Chicago.

McLean, Gordon. "Riding on Top: Memoirs of a Modest Master Hobo", 168 pp. and available from Trafford Publishing (sales@trafford.com) or (888) 232-4444.

Some descriptions of the Kettle Valley line, now abandoned, and other scenic routes in W. Canada. Some good stories about outsmarting the bulls, too.

McMurry, Donald. 1929. Coxey's Army, Seattle: University of Washington Press, reprinted in 1968.

McPherson, James and Miller Williams editors. 1976. Railroad: Trains and Train People in American Culture, New York: Random House.

McWilliams, Carey. 1969. Farmers in the Field, Hamden, CT: Archon.

Means, E. The Youngest Hobo: a Story of Survival

Melone, J. Nature: Human and Real, Chicago, IL: privately published.

Meredith, Mamie. 1932. "Waddies and Hoboes of the Old West", American Speech, April, pp. 257-60.

A discussion of phrases and terms.

Meriwether, Lee. 1889. The Tramp at Home, New York: Harper & Brothers, 296 pages.

Metzger, Wendell. 1994. Hobo Story, Manhattan Beach, CA: Softspin Press, 108 pages. Contact: Softspin Press, Box 277, Manhattan Beach, CA 90267-0277.

A fictionalized account of a trip around the US in 1940.

Michell, Jim. 1990. A Nickel for Bread, Prairie Grove Books

Milburn, George.1930a. Hobos and Harlots

--- The Hobo's Hornbook: A Repertory for a Gutter Jongleur, New York: Ives Washburn.

--- 1930b. "Poesy in the Jungles", American Mercury, May, pp.80-86. 1930c. The Hobo's Handbook, New York: Iven, Wrinkling. [Same as "Hornbook". Probably an incorrect citation?]

Miles, Dione. 1986. Something in Common - An IWW Bibliography, Wayne State University Press: Detroit.

The definitive bibliography about the I.W.W.

Miller, Ellen. 1994. "Ax Attack in Freight Car Kills Hobo, Injures Two, Police Say", Denver Post, April 19, B/4.

A report about how a hobo was killed and two others were injured when they were attacked with an ax by their traveling companions and thrown off the freight train near Parachute, Colorado on April 16.

Miller, Henry. 1991. On the Fringe: The Dispossessed in America, Lexington Books, DC Heath & Co., Lexington, MA. 198 pages.

An historical account of "outcasts, misfits, loners, drifters" from pre-depression times up though the time the book was written.

"Millionaire Hobo is Dead", Christian Century, August 20, 1930, p. 1020.

An obituary-like account of James Eads How, his life and accomplishments, with particular focus on his work for the betterment of hoboes and their condition.

Minehan, Thomas. 1941. Lonesome Road: The Way of Life of a Hobo, Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson & Co.

--- 1934. Boy and Girl Tramps of America, New York: Farrar and Rinehart.

Mitchell, Jim. ...a Nickel for Bread.; Minnesotta, Prairie Groove Books, 1990.

Monkkonen, Eric H. ed. 1984. Walking to Work: Tramps in America 1790-1935, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

"The Most Arrested American", 1925. Literary Digest, July 11, pp. 50-55.

Mullin, Glen Hawthorne. 1925. Adventures of a Scholar-Tramp, New York and London: The Century Co. 312 pp.

This is a fine example of a fairly literate writer describing a season of the tramp's life, with a little work at the end in order to return to his hometown of Chicago with some money in his pocket. Mullen spends the first half of his journey with his mentor "Frisco", tramping from Chicago to the east coast, and then eventually returns to his starting point in a more roundabout way by himself. Mullen makes a clear distinction between tramps (who scorn work and strive for excellence in begging their way) and hobos (who work and pay their own way - except when traveling by train).

--- 1923. "Adventures of a Scholar-Tramp", Century, February / March, pp. 507-15; 735-59.

Nazario, Sonia. 2006. "Enrique's Journey. The Story of a Boy's Dangerous Odyssey to Reunite with his Mother". New York, Random House, 292 pages.

Nelson, Eugene. 1993. Break Their Haughty Power: Joe Murphy in the Heyday of the Wobblies, ISM Press. San Francisco.

Noble, C. W. 1896-7. "The Borderland of Trampdom", Popular Science Monthly, pp. 252-58.

Norris, Lowell. 1933. "America's Homeless Army", Scribner's Magazine, pp. 316-18.

Nylander, Towne. 1925. "Tramps and Hoboes", Forum, August, pp. 227-37.

--- 1924. "The Migratory Population of the United States", American Journal of Sociology, September, pp. 129-53.

O., Jesse. 1996. American Railroad Hobo: The Travels of Wade Hampton Fullbright, Ballington Books, Anderson NC

O'Connell, Pamela LiCalzi. 1998. A Different Breed of Freighthoppers, New York Times, Aug. 20

O'Donnell, John. 1938. Hobo Lore, New York: WPA, unpublished document in Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Archive of Folk Song.

Olds, Elizabeth. Riding the Rails. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1948.

Otten, Allen. 1976. "End of the Line", Wall Street Journal, December 26.

Outland, George. 1939. Boy Transiency in America, California: Santa Barbara State College Press. A collection of articles about boy transients of the 1930s.

Page, Thomas. 1884. Bohemian Life or the Autobiography of a Tramp

Pager, George. 1949. "The Hobo News", New York Folkore Quarterly, Autumn, pp. 228-230.

Paine, Samuel. 1917. "Ditching the Hobo", Railroad Man's Magazine, April, pp. 529-45.

Parker, Carlton H. 1920. The Casual Laborer and Other Essays, New York: Harcourt, Brace & Howe, 199 pages.

--- 1915. "The California Casual and His Revolt", Quarterly Journal of Economics, November, pp. 110-26.

Partch, Harry. 1991. Bitter Music: Collected Journals

Parker, Carlton H. 1920. The Casual Laborer and Other Essays, New York: Harcourt, Brace & Howe, 199 pages

Paul, Rodman, W. 1988. The Far West and Great Plains in Transition, 1859-1900, New York: Harper and Row.

Payne, Roger. 1939. Why Work? or, The Coming "Age of Leisure and Plenty": Why Work Six Days a Week, When You Can Make Your Living by Working One?, Boston: Meador Publishing Company, 404 pages. Includes portraits and references.

Written in response to requests for fuller facts and figures supporting the authors earlier pamphlet "The Hobo Philosopher".

--- 1918. The Hobo Philosopher or The Philosophy of the Natural Life, Fellowship Farm, Puente, CA: published by the author.

Peele, John R. 1907. From North Carolina to Southern California Without a Ticket, and How I Did It, Giving My Exciting Experiences as a "Hobo" Tarboro?, NC: Edwards & Broughton Printing Company, 134 pages. Includes illustrations and portraits.

The account includes a lot of historical details of great interest to the hobo historian, and the guy seems to be quite human, although his racist attitudes which were typical of the time crop up on occasion.

Peery, Nelson. 1994. Black Fire: The Making of an American Revolutionary, New Press

A first hand account of a black hobo in the 1930s and later experiences during WWII.

Phelps, Richard. 1983. "Songs of the American Hobo", Journal of Popular Culture, Fall, pp. 1-21.

A well-informed article on the subject - hobo and I.W.W. songs.

"The Philadelphia Tramp Conference", 1903. Charities, November 28, pp. 514-15.

Phillips, Rudy "Ramblin". 1994. Hobo King Ramblin Rudy, 265 pages.

True stories of experiences of hoboing in from 1925 to 1932. He was elected Hobo King at Britt in 1986.

Phillips, U. Utah. 1974. Starlight on the Rails, 96 pp.

Pinkerton, Allan. 1878. Strikers, Communists, Tramps and Detectives, New York: Trows; G. W. Carlton & Co.; Arno Press; and The New York Times.

Pool, Bob. 1990. "It's a Jungle Out There", Los Angeles Times, January 24, B/3.

A report on a developer's plans to erect on office building on the restaurant site where The National Hobo Association held its meetings. The effects of this and some member profiles were given.

Powers, William F. 1994. "The Crusty Life", The Washington Post, January 2, E/2.

Powers discussed the articles in the January 1994 issues of Esquire [Ferguson 1994] and Texas Monthly, which discussed modern hobo life and life in Mexico City respectively.

Propes, C.B. and S.C. n.d. (2011?). The Hobo Diaries, no publisher, printed in Lexington, KY (a print on demand book).

Poorly written, poorly organized, and all in all a poor excuse for a book, but it does have a few first hand descriptions of panhandling and jails from the 1930s that would be of interest to some readers.

Quist, Wayne. 2010. God's Angry Man, The Incredible Journey of Private Joe Haan, Brown Books Publishing Group, Dallas, 403 pp.

This one is a biography describing the life of a man who had a very difficult time in childhood, being essentially orphaned at the age of five and indentured into unpaid work on a farm in Minnesota during the 1930s. He left there to bum around the country for a few years, which are described and illustrated with quotations from other people's memoirs and the stories he had related to his family, mostly via letters. He later spent about 18 months at a CCC camp in the north woods before enlisting in the Army after Pearl Harbor, and his combat experiences are also recounted in Europe. After the war he ended up working on the "high iron" for over 30 years, building many large buildings in the Houston area. The interesting aspect of this book is the fact that Mr. Haan was clearly a very intelligent person, and more importantly, an independent thinker, a characteristic of many who ride the rails for any length of time. The book also has many of his poems in it. This book does not have a lot of detail about hoboing, but is still significant because it describes in detail the personality of the individual hobo.

Rachleff, Peter (editor). 2005. Starving Amidst Too Much and Other IWW Writings on the Food Industry. Charles H. Kerr, Chicago.

Rachleff edited and introduces this collection of writings by T-Bone Slim, L.S. Chumley, Jim Seymour and Jack Sheridan on the food industry. The book includes T-Bone Slim's original pamphlet dating from 1923 and more recent writings on the modern fast food industry written from a radical perspective.

Rahimian, Afsaneh. 1990. Migration and Mobility of the Urban Homeless, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California.

Rankin, Bill. 1993. "A Lasting Legal Legacy", Atlanta Journal Constitution, January 1, E/1.

A profile of former Gwinnett County, GA Superior Court Judge Bryant Huff, who after serving thirteen years as a lawyer, spent two months riding the rails.

Reckless, Walter. 1934. "Why Women Become Hoboes", American Mercury, February, pp. 175-80.

Reed, Christopher. 1991. "Racist Killers Ride U.S. Freight Trains", Guardian, December 19, p. 9.

Reed discussed the [faction of the] F.T.R.A.(Freight Train Riders of America), that appear to be a neo-nazist group of hoboes who ride and kill predominantly across the western states of the U.S. Reed cited that the recent attention given to this group was due to the arrest of Jeremy "Low Road" Abshire, a member of the white supremacist group, charged with murdering two people in Utah.

Reitman, Ben L. 1932. Following the Monkey, (unpublished ms. at U of IL?)

--- (as told to). 1937. Sister of the Road: The Autobiography of Box-Car Bertha as Told to Dr. Ben L. Reitman, New York: Harper & Row Publishers.

Renshaw, Patrick. 1967. Wobblies: The Story of Syndicalism in the United States, New York: Doubleday. Reprinted 1968, New York: Anchor. Reprinted with a new preface by the author in 1999 by Ivan R. Dee, Chicago

Rice, Clyde. 1987. Night Freight, Portland, OR: Breitenbush Books, 141 pages

A fictionalized account of a trip on the old coast route of northern CA based on the author's experiences in the 1930s.

Richards, Stan, et al. Hobo Signs.

Ringenbach, Paul T. 1973. Tramps and Reformers, 1873-1916: The Discovery of Unemployment in New York, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Originally a Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, 1970.

Risen, James. 1989. "American Album", Los Angeles Times, June 12, I/4.

A profile of Maury "Steamtrain" Graham.

Roddan, Andrew. 1932. Canada's Untouchables: the Story of the Man without a Home, Vancouver, 111 pp.

Romines, Delma K. 1983. "Hobo Nickels", American Heritage, August/September, pp. 81-3.

A brief discussion of George Washington "Bo" Hughes' work with thirteen photographed examples.

Romines, Joyce and "Slickrock." 1996. The Hobo Nickel Book, 135 pages. Includes over 400 photos and hobo glossary. Contact: Joyce Ann Romines, P.O. Box 1585, Tucker, Georgia 30085-1586.

Rood, H. E. 1898. "The Tramp Problem: A Remedy", Forum, March, pp. 90-94.

Rose, Lionel. 1988. 'Rogues and Vagabonds': Vagrant Underwold in Britain 1815-1985, New York and London: Routledge, 254 pages. Includes a tramp glossary, abbreviations, notes references, index and a select bibliography.

A socio-historical account of the germane aspects of tramp life in Great Britain, e.g., tramp subtypes, legislation, relief, lodging houses, and casual wards.

Rosemont, Franklin. (editor). 1992. Selected Writings of T-Bone Slim. Charles H. Kerr Publishing, Chicago.

Frank Rosemont edited and wrote an introduction to this compilation of the writings of T-Bone Slim, a "workingstiff, a hobo, and an irreconcilable revolutionist." Slim was a songwriter as well, some of his songs are included in the IWW's famous "Little Red Songbook."

--- 2002. Joe Hill: The IWW and the Making of a Revolutionary Working Class Subculture. Charles H. Kerr Publishing, Chicago. 656p.

A comprehensive history of the life and times of famous Wobbly organizer Joe Hill.

Roy, Donald Francis. 1935. Hooverville: A Study of a Community of Homeless Men in Seattle, unpublished Masters thesis, University of Washington, 98 pages

Russell, C.D. 1945. Pete the Tramp

Samolar, Charlie. 1927. "The Argot of the Vagabond", American Speech, pp. 385-92.

The definitions, distinctions, development and theories of origin of various hobo words and phrases are given.

Sandburg, Carl. 1953. Always the Young Strangers, New York: Harcourt, Brace

Saroyan, William. 1928. "Portrait of a Bum", Overland Monthly, December, pp. 421 and 424.

Saul, Vernon alias "K.C. Slim". 1929. "The Vocabulary of Bums", American Speech, June, pp. 337-46.

A record of over three hundred fifty words and phrases commonly used by the "knights of the road."

Schockman, Carl. 1937. We Turned Hobo, Columbus, OH: F.J. Heer Printing Co.

Schwantes, Carlos. 1985. Coxey's Army: An American Odyssey, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Although not specifically about hobos and hoboing, this account of the first "march on Washington" is a good historical overview of the late 19th century as it relates to the world of the hobo at that time. Parallels with later political protest movements in the 1930s, 1960s, and the recent Occupy Wall Street protests are thought provoking to say the least. There are some interesting descriptions of the various groups of unemployed men as they attempted to cross all or large portions of America to rendezvous in Washington, D.C. on May Day of 1894. The varied nature of their receptions along the way by local and federal authorities as well as the citizenry of small towns and large cities reflects the same ambivalence we see today for similar disadvantaged groups.

Searles, Cali. 2010. "Ethnography of Punk Rock Anarchist Hobos." Periphery 47, Drake University. Des Moines. Available online at "michaeljcarbaugh.com/periphery47/fictionnonfiction.html".

Seeger, Pete. 1972. The Incompleat Folksinger, New York: Simon & Schuster.

Seelye John. 1963. "The American Tramp: A Version of the Picaresque", American Quarterly, Winter, pp. 535-53.

Sellars, Anthony Nigel. 1998. Oil, Wheat and Wobblies: The Industrial Workers of the World in Oklahoma 1905 - 1930, University of Oklahoma Press.

Service, Robert. 1921. The Collected Poems of Robert Service, New York: Dodd, Mead & Co.

Sevareid, Eric. 1946. Not So Wild a Dream

A memoir from the 1930s. Sevareid was a well known journalist in later years.

Shaw, Clifford. The Jack Roller: A Delinquent Boy's Own Story, Sociological Case History.

Sheil, Richard. "On Trek", The Outlook of Missions Feb 1940: 57-59.

Shepard, Lucius. 1998. "Attack of the Freight Train-Riding Crazed Vietnam Vet Psycho Killer Hobo Mafia, or Not", SPIN Magazine, July.

In the midst of the late 1990s media frenzy regarding the FTRA, Shepard spent two months with FTRA members and then attempted to dispel some of the exaggerated myths being perpetrated about the group. Photos by David Eberhardt.

--- 2004. "Two Trains Running", Golden Gryphon Press, Urbana, IL.

This book encompasses an extended version of the non-fiction article on the FTRA that Shepard published in SPIN magazine along with two fictional FTRA related train-riding stories.

Sibley, Celestine. 1989. "Ex-Hobo Shares His Lifelong Loves", Atlanta Constitution, June 26, D/1.

A feature about John "Smally" Smolka, a seventy-eight year-old former hobo (for about ten years) and baseball aficionado.

--- 1995. "Life in the '30s: Hobo at the Door, Possum in the Pot", Atlanta Constitution, March 20, C/1.

Sibley shared a letter from an old friend who lived during the Great Depression.

Sinclair, Andrew. 1963. The Hallelujah Bum, London: Faber and Faber.

Smith, Aaron Lake. 2012. "Death of the American Hobo: The National Hobo Convention reaches the end of the line", Vice Magazine, October. Available online at "www.vice.com/read/death-of-the-american-hobo-0012987-v19n10".

A well-written article about the author's travels from the west coast to the 112th National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa. Unlike some uncritical mainstream journalists who visit Britt, Smith soon comes to understand what a sham the conservative religious small town festival has become. He even mentions trampfest, the "alternative hobo convention", organized starting in 2000 by train riders who couldn't take Britt's phoniness any longer.

Smith, F. Hopkinson. A Gentleman Vagabond and Some Others. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1895.

Smith, Jack. 1989. "Hobo Is King on Social Scale of Itinerants", Los Angeles Times, September 6, V/ 1.

Smith discussed the hobo lifestyle and the differences between a hobo, bum and vagabond.

--- 1989. "Bum Rap", Los Angeles Times, July 16, M/2. Smith accounted his adventures of the summer he spent as a hobo riding the rails.

Solenberger, Alice W. 1911. One Thousand Homeless Men, Charities Publication Committee.

"The South Calling A Halt on Tramps", Survey, February 5, 1916, p.534

Speek, Peter A. 1917. "The Psychology of Floating Workers", Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, January, pp. 72-78.

Spence, Clark. 1976. "Knights of the Fast Freight", American Heritage, August, pp.50-57.

--- 1971. "Knights of the Tie and Rail - Tramps and Hoboes in the West", Western Historical Quarterly, January, pp. 5-16.

Spielmann, Peter. 1979. "Hobos", Penthouse, May, pp. 138-45.

Spradley, James. You Owe Yourself a Drunk: An Ethnography of Urban Nomads, Boston, MA: Little Brown and Company.

A study of a Seattle "home guard."

St. John, Vincent. 1919. The I.W.W., Chicago, IL: I.W.W.

Staats, William. 1879. A Tight Squeeze or the Adventures of a Gentleman...

Starke, Barbara. Born in Captivity: The Story of a Girl's Escape. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merril Company, 1931

Stegner, Wallace. 1943. The Big Rock Candy Mountain, Doubleday & Co. New York.

A fictional account of a family drifting around the Pacific Northwest in the early twentieth century.

--- 1975. "Depression Pop", Esquire, September, pp. 79-83.

Stein, Walter, J. 1973. California and the Dust Bowl Migration, Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Stessin, Lawrence. 1940. "That Vanishing American: The Hobo", New York Times Magazine, August 18.

Stevens, Irving, L. "Fishbones." 1982. Fishbones, Hoboing in the 1930's.

An amusing and interesting account of personal experiences.

Stevens, James. 1925. "The Hobos Apology", Century Magazine, February, pp. 464-72.

Stewig, John W. 1978. Sending Messages, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 64 pages with illustrations.

The many possible ways to send messages, including language, music, mime, dance, Morse code, cattle brands, deaf hand language, hobo signs, and referee signals are described [juvenile literature].

Stiff, Dean. The Milk and Honey Route New York: The Vanguard Press, 1930.

"Stranger on A Train - Ted Conover Spent Rootless Months Studying A Furtive Breed: America's Hoboes", People Magazine, 1984. [see Conover 1984]

Stroup, Sheila. 1994. "Hobnobber Once a Hobo", The Times-Picayune, February 6, B/1.

Stroup talked about New Orleans entrepreneur, philanthropist and civic activist Bryan Bell, who rode freight trains and hitchhiked across the country as a child hobo during the Great Depression.

Sutherland, Edwin H. and Harvey J. Locke. 1936. Twenty Thousand Homeless Men, Chicago and Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co.

Symmank, Margaret. 1994. "The Hobo and the Lucky Piece", Houston Chronicle, March 13, TM/4.

Symmank reminisced about her childhood and the stories she was told about her grandmother feeding the hobos who came to the door during the Great Depression.

Swift, Morrison. 1895. "Tramps as Human Beings", Outlook, August 31, pp. 342-43.

Szalanski, Joseph. 2010. Boarding the Westbound: Journey of a Depression-era Hobo, Word Association Publishers, Tarentum, PA

This is a more interesting account of a young man's trip around all 48 states in 1932, edited and commentary added by his son, whose places the account in historical perspective. It is well written, but I think I would have liked to read the entire journals that it is based on in chronological order, and instead excerpts are quoted in chapters which cover different aspects of '30s hoboing: Getting Fed, Places to Sleep, Holidays, Admiring the Views, etc. 291 pp.

Taft, Philip. 1960. "The I.W.W. in the Grain Belt", Labor History, Winter, pp. 342-343.

Tascheraud, Henri. 1925. "The Art of Bumming a Meal", American Mercury, June, pp. 183-87.

Terkel, Studs. 1970. Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression, New York: Pantheon Books. Reprinted 1971, New York: Avon Books.

Terkel interviewed over one hundred-sixty people from various backgrounds and orientations about their experiences during the Great Depression (1929). The chapter "Hard Travelin'" includes interviews of fourteen people who hoboed or had experiences with hoboes.

Thanet, Octave. 1878-9. "The Tramp in Four Centuries", Lippincott's Magazine, pp. 565-74

"This is a Primer for Hobo 'Gaycats'" 1937. Life, October 4, pp. 14-17.

Thomas, Will. 1987. Tramp, Vantage Press, New York.

A fictionalized account of riding in the 1930s.

"The Tramp as a Social Factor" 1891. Address by William J. Gorsuch delivered under the auspices of the Hartford Central Labor Union. Hartford, CT: Press of Clark and Smith

Tripp, Valerie. 2001. Kit Saves the Day, American Girl Publishing, Inc. Middleton, WI.

An illustrated children's book about a young girl during the Great Depression who wanders into a hobo jungle and ends up riding the rails with the hoboes she meets.

Troyer, Milo C. 1996. Hobo with a Briefcase, Wawaka, Indiana

Turner, Linda. 1989. "Flirting With Danger", Silhouette, New York.

Harlequin romance novel in which a cosmetics heiress flees her wealthy home and encounters trouble aboard a freight train where she is then rescued by a "dark, handsome stranger."

Tugwell, Rexford. 1920. "The Casual Laborer", Survey, July 3, pp. 472-74.

--- 1920. "The Casual of the Woods", Survey, July 3, pp. 472-74.

Tully, Jim. 1928. "Thieves and Vagabonds", American Mercury, May, pp. 18-24.

--- 1927. "Bull Horrors", American Mercury, October, pp. 144-50.

--- 1925. "The Lion-Tamer", American Mercury, October, pp. 142-46.

--- 1924. Beggars of Life: A Hobo Autobiography, New York: Albert & Charles Boni, and Random House, 336 pages. Also published by Garden City Publishing Co., Garden City, NJ.

Tyler, Robert L. 1967. Rebels of the Woods: The I.W.W. in the Pacific Northwest, Eugene: University of Oregon Books.

Uys, Errol L. 1999. Riding the Rails: Teenagers on the Move during the Great Depression, New York, TV Books, Inc.

Inspired by Minehan's Boy and Girl Tramps of America, this book features numerous oral histories and in-depth interviews made in the 1990s.

Vandercook, Mark S. 2000. An American Journey: Images of Railroading During the Depression Mobile, AL, Hotbox Press, 164 pages.

This is a collection of the work of several photographers, including Dorothea Lange, John Vachon and others who were commissioned by the Farm Security Administration (FSA) to document the state of America and its people at the height of the Great Depression. The book includes sections for each year between 1935 and 1941. A snapshot of what could be called the "railroad culture."

Vandertie, Adolph & Patrick Spielman. Hobo & Tramp Art: Carving An Authentic American Folk Tradition ©1995 Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 0-8069-3185-X, 128 pp.

Color glossy trade paperback, good photos, some do it yourself projects, and a very brief commentary on the tramps and hobos who made the original art.

Van Swol, Erwin. 1960. "The Hoboes' Secret Code", Coronet, August, pp. 35-38.

After a friend pointed out to Van Swol that his house was marked by hoboes due to his wife's generosity, he began to research hobo signs. Twenty signs are pictured in this article with respective descriptions. Hobo history, the supposed causes of the hobo condition, and the dissemination of hobo symbols and code are discussed briefly.

Vaughn, J. B. 1975. The Wandering Years, Hancock House.

Vollmann, William T. 2007. "Catching Out. Travels in an Open Boxcar". Harper's Magazine, January, pp.70-79.

--- 2008. "Riding Toward Everywhere". ECCO/Harper Collins. 288 pages.

Vose, John D. 1981. Diary of a Tramp, St. Ives, Cornwall, U.K.: United Writers, 199 pages.

Wallace, Samuel E. 1965. Skid Row As A Way of Life, Totowa, NJ: Bedminster Press, 216 pages.

Walljasper, Jay. 1988. "The World of the Hobo", Utne Reader, January/February, p.45.

Ward, Jim. 1979. The Street is Their Home: the Hobo's Manifesto, Quartet Books, Melbourne, Australia

Warner, Jack. 1995. "Kings of the Road", Atlanta Journal Constitution, November 19, M/1.

An article about the life and experiences of Russell Stephens, age 77, a Great Depression-era hobo. Stephens was a teacher of English and journalism at Cherokee County, GA High School, having retired in 1977.

Webb, John N. 1937. The Migratory-Casual Worker, Washington D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, United States Works Progress Administration, Division of Social Research, Research Monograph VII. Reprinted, 1971, New York: Da Capo Press.

This report is a byproduct of the studies of the transient unemployed conducted by the research section of the division of Research, Statistics, and Finance, during 1934 and 1935 [p. IX]. It offers profiles of the personal characteristics of the migratory-casual worker, and explains the types and characteristics of migratory casual employment (industrial/agricultural). Ten text tables, twenty-six figures and ten supplementary figures illustrate statistical information and map migratory routes, patterns and types of work.

--- 1935. The Transient Unemployed, WPA.

Weideman, Edward and R.W. Crump. A Hobo Life in the Great Depression: A Regional Narrative

Welsh, Herbert. 1921. The New Gentlemen of the Road, Philadelphia, Wm F. Fell

Welty, Gus. 1994. "Review of Daniel Leen's The Freighthopper's Manual", Railway Age, March, p.195.

Welty's unfavorable review condemns the book (and hoboes) for safety reasons and setting a bad example for youngsters and adolescents [see, Leen 1992].

Weybright, Victor. 1939. "Rolling Stones Gather No Sympathy", Survey Graphic, January.

Whisler, William. 1989. Hobos in a Model

This is a first hand account of two young men's experiences working the wheat harvest in the mid 1920s. It includes descriptions of riding freights at the beginning and at the end of the two year period covered in the book. The book appears to have been privately published and has a library of congress catalog number: 89-83375.

Whitaker, Percy. 1929. "Fruit Tramps", Century Magazine, March, pp. 599-606.

White, Richard. 1991. Its Your Misfortune and None of My Own, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Whitey, Guitar. 2002. Ridin' Free, Zephyr Rhoades Press. 215 pages.

A memoir covering the period from the 1930s through the 1980s.

Whitten, George. 1929. Outlaw Trails, New York: Minton, Balch and Co.

--- 1928. The Open Road, Century Magazine, January, pp. 351-66.

Whiting, F.V. 1912. "Trespassers Killed on Railways - Who Are They?" Scientific America, May 11, pp.303-4.

Willard, Josiah Flynt. 1968. The Little Brother; A Story of Tramp Life, by Josiah Flynt, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Gregg Press 254 pages. [Originally published ?]

--- 1908. My Life New York: The Outing Publishing Co.

--- 1899. Tramping With Tramps: Studies and Sketches of Vagabond Life, New York: Century Company. Reprinted 1972, Montclair, NJ: Patterson Smith Publishing Corp.

--- 1899. "Tramps and the Railroads", Century Magazine, June, pp. 258-66.

--- 1896. "Children of the Road", Atlantic Monthly, March, pp. 599-606.

--- 1895. "How Men Become Tramps", Century Magazine, October, pp. 941-45.

--- 1894. "Old Boston Mary", Atlantic, September, pp. 318-25.

--- 1894b. "The Tramp at Home", Century Magazine, February, pp. 517-26.

Wilcox, Finn. 1984. Here Among the Sacrificed, Port Townsend, WA: Empty Bowl.

A literary and photographic depiction of Wilcox's journey by freight train from Seattle,WA to Los Angeles, CA.

Willeford, Charles Ray. 1988. I Was Looking for a Street, Charles Willeford Countryman Press, Woodstock , Vt

A memoir from the 1930s.

Williams, Cliff "Oats" (editor), 1994. Around the Jungle Fire I: A Collection of Original Hobo Poetry, Deerfield, IL. Hobo Press, 44 pages.

--- (editor), 1997. Around the Jungle Fire II: A Second Collection of Original Hobo Poetry, Hobo Press, Deerfield, IL. 44 pages.

"Oats" has collected and edited these two editions of poems written by hoboes and traveling folk including Liberty Justice, Guitar Whitey, Oklahoma Slim, Reefer Charlie, Luther the Jet, Fishbones and others. Oats established "The Hobo Press" to help document and preserve hobo history. Proceeds are given to the National Hobo Foundation. Contact: Cliff Williams, 1044 Linden Avenue, Deerfield, IL 60015. [see Davis 1995]

--- (editor), 2000. Around the Jungle Fire III: True Accounts of Life on the Rails, Hobo Press, Deerfield, IL. 49 pages.

--- 2003. One More Train to Ride: The Underground World of Modern American Hoboes, Indiana University Press. 163 pages.

A collection of short biographies and oral histories of late 1990s riders, with some verses thrown in.

Williams, Louis. 1926. Hobos Rich and Poor, 36 pp. (collection of poems?)

Williams, Vinnie. 1957. The Fruit Tramp, New York: Harper, 247 pages.

Willmans, Karl. 1902. Psychoses Among Tramps, Centralblatt fur Nervenheilkunde, December.

Willwerth, James. 1988. "Hoboes from High-Rent Districts", Time, July 11, p.8.

Willwerth looked at hoboing from the viewpoint of The National Hobo Association, co-founded by California actor Bobb Hopkins, and the vehemently opposing Association of American Railroads which declared these hobo-hobbyists part of a "dangerous trend."

Wise, Ken C. 1992. Depression Bums, Fowlerville, Michigan, Wilderness Adventure Books

A memoir from the 1930s, a couple of Boy Scouts hopping freights.

Witten, George. 1929. Outlaw Trails: A Yankee Hobo Soldier of Queen, New York, Minton Balch.

This one I particularly enjoyed. Witten had a wild boyhood and ran away from home at about the age of 10, eventually hooking up with an older hobo who teaches him the ropes for a couple of years. Eventually his older pal enlists to fight the Spanish in Cuba and Witten is too young to fight. He then ships out on a cattle boat to Africa and jumps ship there, hoping to enlist with the British Army and fight in the Boer War. This he eventually manages to do, inspite of being only 14 years of age. His accounts of army life during the Boer War are quite interesting as well, but involve cattle rustling and a lot of other dodgy activities, including spending three months in prison there. The story ends abruptly when he returns home to the hills of Tennessee but it is quite picaresque while it lasts. 252 pp.

--- 1928. The Open Road: The Autobiography of a Hobo

Woehlke, Walter. 1914. "The Porterhouse Heaven and the Hobo", Technical World Magazine, August, pp. 808-13, 938.

Woirol, Gregory R. 1992. In the Floating Army, F.C. Mills on Itinerant Life in California, 1914, Univ. of Illinois Press.

Worby, John. 1942. The Other Half: The Autobiography of a Tramp, New York: Arden Book Company, 307 pages with illustrations.

Worth, Cedric. 1929. "The Brotherhood of Man", North American Review, April, pp. 487-92.

Wormser, Richard. 1994. Hoboes: Wandering in America 1870-1940, Walker Publishing Company. Includes hobo dictionary, index, and bibliography.

A socio-historical survey of the American hobo. Wormser discussed the early pioneers, the distinctions between a hobo, tramp, and a bum, the tragedies, hardships, and glories of the road, the I.W.W., Chicago, and road kids. A comparison of the hobo to the contemporary homeless is made in chapter ten.

Wren, Daniel A. 1987. White Collar Hobo: The Travels of Whiting Williams, Ames: Iowa State University Press, 165 pages. Includes portraits, index, and bibliography.

Wright, Capt. Wm. J. 2002. Hobo to Leatherneck: Memoirs of Travel and Adventure, Vantage Press, NY.

This is another first person memoir, written in short "chapters", some less than a page. It describes growing up on a rural farm in S. Carolina and his eventual decision to hit the road when school failed to inspire him and work on the farm was an obvious dead end. He describes riding a few freights, but eventually applies for a job selling magazine subscriptions, traveling across the USA with a group of young men in cars and selling door to door. After a year or so of this he somehow decided to join the US Marines, and from that point the book describes his military experiences, including a hitch in North China before the war and then in the Pacific Theater during WWII. This is not particularly well written and does not have any especially unusual hobo or wartime experiences, but is readable for all that.

Wyckoff, Walter Augustus. 1901. A Day with a Tramp and Other Days, New York: C. Scribner. Reprinted 1971, New York: B. Blom, 191 pages.

Not much on freight trains, but is an interesting account of walking and hitching across America in 1891-92, just before the panic of '93 that put Jack London on the road. The author would work until he had a stake and then walk to the next job. He later taught at Princeton, and his descriptions and analysis of what he encountered are from a scholarly viewpoint. He includes descriptions of hobos he met on the road and his winter in Chicago's hobohemia of that era.

Wyman, Mark. 1979. Hard Rock Epic: Western Miners and Industrial Revolution 1860-1910, Berkeley: University of California Press.

--- 2010. Hobos: Bindlestiff, Fruit Tramps and the Harvesting of the West, Hill and Wang. 336 pages.

A historical account of the hobos who worked the fields, concentrating on the pre-depression period from post-Civil War into the 1920s.

Yancey, Mrs. Dolly Kennedy. 1909. The Tramp Woman, a book of experiences. St Louis: Britt pub. Co.

Yates, Buster. Once a Hobo